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Protein Synthesis Worksheet In DNA, adenine binds with __Thymine_____ and guanine binds with _____Cytosine_____. 2. In RNA, adenine binds with _____Uricil___ and guanine binds with ______Cytosine_______. 3. Transcription takes place in the __nucleus_____; translation takes place in the _______cytoplasm____. 4. The building blocks of nucleic acids are _nucleotides___. 5. When the DNA “cookbook” unzips, a complete protein “recipe” called a __gene____ is exposed. 6. At that time, a complementary copy of that “recipe” is made. Scientifically stated, __m___-RNA is formed in a process called ___transcription____. 7. When this “string” of RNA leaves the nucleus through a nuclear pore, it goes into the cytoplasm and binds to another player, ______ribosome________,the site of protein synthesis. 8. The _m__-RNA “recipe” is “read” and a protein is assembled in a process called ____translation____________. 9. The building blocks of proteins are _____amino acids______, so another form of RNA is necessary to deliver those building blocks to the site of protein synthesis. This is_t-_RNA. 10. The 3 nitrogen bases of DNA are called ____codons____________; the 3 nitrogen bases of ___tRNA_________are called anticodons. 1.