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Transcript
EVOLUTION UNIT TEST
DIRECTIONS FOR MATCHING: CHOOSE THE LETTER OF THE WORD
THAT BEST DESCRIBES EACH STATEMENT.
1. _____ Change in species over time
A. reproductive isolation
2. _____ Biochemical evidence is proof
of ancestry by analyzing this sequence
B. amino acid
3. ______ Sequencing of genetic material
is proof of this principal
C. common descent
4. _____ Process in nature that results in the
most fit organism
D. evolution
5. _____ This strategy is needed for speciation
E. natural selection
DIRECTIONS FOR MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS: IDENTIFY THE
LETTER OF THE CHOICE THAT BEST COMPLETES THE STATEMENT OR
ANSWERS THE QUESTION.
6. _____ James Hutton and Charles Lyell’s work was important to Darwin because these
scientists
A. explained volcanoes and earthquakes.
B. explained all geologic events on Earth
C. disagreed with Lamarck’s work
D. suggested the Earth was old enough for evolution to exist
7. _____ Lamarck’s Theory of evolution includes concepts that new organs in a species
appear as a result of
A. an unchanging local environment.
B. continuous increases in population size
C. natural variations present within the populations
D. the actions of organisms when they do not use their body structures
8. _____ Thomas Malthus, an economist, suggested that ___________________
A. England needed more housing because of the human population growth
B. people die faster than babies are born
C. the majority of a species’ offspring die
D. there would be insufficient food for the growing human population
9.______ According to Darwin’s theory of natural selection, individuals who survive are
the ones best adapted for their environment. This is because of
A. choices made by plant and animal breeders
B. inherited adaptations that maximize fitness
C. lack of competition within the species
D. possession of adaptations developed through use
10._____ Which one of the following is not one of Lamarck’s theories?
A. a desire to change
B. inheritance of acquired traits
C. survival of the fittest
D. use and disuse
11.______ Which reason is not valid in support of natural selection in the peppered
moth?
A. the dark and light colored moth numbers were the same
B. the dark colored moth numbers were higher
C. the industrial revolution caused a change in the color of the moth
D. the light colored moth numbers were lower
DIRECTIONS FOR FILL IN THE BLANK QUESTIONS: READ THE
FOLLOWING STATEMENTS AND CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER FROM
THE WORD BANK BELOW.
A. Uranium 238
B. Paleontologists
C. Old
D. Sedimentary Rock
E. Half-life
AB. Living
AC. Adaptive Radiation
AD. Beaks
12. Most fossils are found in ________________________________.
13. Scientists who study fossils are called ______________________.
14. One of the radioactive isotopes used to determine the age of fossils older than
30,000 years is _________________________.
15. Charles Darwin viewed the fossil records as evidence that Earth was
________________________________________.
16. Since evidence of fossils indicate very little change in the species, they are
called _____________ fossils.
17. The length of time it takes for one-half of a radioactive element to decay is
called its _____________________.
18. The diversity present in the finches on the Galapagos Islands is because of the
shapes and sizes of their _________________.
19. Speciation of the finches is an example of ____________________________.
DIRECTIONS FOR MATCHING QUESTIONS: CHOOSE THE LETTER OF
THE WORD THAT BEST DESCRIBES EACH STATEMENT. ONE ANSWER
WILL NOT BE USED.
20. _____ Process by which fitness arises.
A. adaptation
21. _____ Bacteria can become resistant to it.
B. antibiotics
22. _____ Place where an organism lives and works.
C. Pangaea
23. _____ A common group of genes.
D. chromosome
24. _____ A random change in a chromosome or gene
E. gene pool
25. _____ Another name for natural selection.
AB. mutation
26. _____ Period when many new species evolved.
AC. niche
27. _____ Supercontinent present 225 million years ago.
AD. survival of the fittest
AE. Cambrian explosion
DIRECTIONS FOR MULTIPLE CHOICE: IDENTIFY THE LETTER OF THE
CHOICE THAT BEST COMPLETES THE STATEMENT OR ANSWERS THE
QUESTION.
28. _____ When a farmer breeds only his or her best livestock, the process involved is
A. natural selection
B. artificial selection
C. artificial variation
D. survival of the fittest
29. _____ Charles Darwin called the ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in
its environment
A. diversity
B. fitness
C. adaptation
D. evolution
30. _____ In humans, the pelvis and femur, or thigh bone, are involved in walking. In
whales, the pelvis and femur shown in Figure 15-1 below are
A. examples of fossils
B. vestigial structures
C. acquired traits
D. examples of natural variation
31. _____ Examples of fossils include preserved
A. Eggs
B. Footprints
C. Body parts
D. All of the above
32. _____ The name of the ship that Darwin traveled on during his 5 year voyage was
called the
A. HMS Bugle
B. HMS Beatle
C. HMS Beagle
D. HMS Beetle
33. _____ Structures that develop from the same embryonic tissue but have different
functions are called
A. Vestigial organs
B. Homologous structures
C. Ancestral organs
D. Common structures
34. _____ The name of one of Darwin’s most controversial books is entitled
A. On the Origin of Species
B. On the Origin of Reproduction
C. On the Origin of Adaptation
D. On the Origin of Natural Selection
35. _____ Which radioactive isotope is useful in establishing the age of fossils under 30
thousand years old?
A. Potassium 30
B. Argon 40
C. Carbon 12
D. Carbon 14
INTERPRETATIVE QUESTIONS: USE THE FOLLOWING CHART TO ANSWER
THE NEXT THREE QUESTIONS.
36. According to the graph, in which case would carbon-14 be more useful for
radioactive dating: wooden beams in native American cave dwellings, which are
probably less than 7,000 years old or for the fossil of an early mammal that is
probably 100,000 years old? Explain your answer.
37. Why does the amount of carbon decrease if found in either of the above mentioned
substances?
38. How much of carbon-14 is present at 5000 years?
IDENTIFICATION QUESTION: USE THE DIAGRAM BELOW TO ANSWER THE
FOLLOWING TWO QUESTIONS.
39. Vegetation is different on Pinta Island, Isabella Island, and Hood Island. Some is
sparse and sometimes hard to reach. Looking at the tortoise on Hood Island, which
adaptation may cause the animal to outlive the others?
40. Explain the role of natural selection between the tortoise’s environment and its
adaptation.