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Thursday, October 17, 2013 Define: Pages 146-151 • Republic • Patrician • Plebeian • Consul • Rome • Roman Senate In a Republic, the leader is not a monarch and some citizens have the right to vote. A country that is governed by elected representatives and by an elected leader (such as a president) rather than by a king or queen Wealthy land owners who became Rome’s ruling class. Rome’s upper class Could vote and be elected in office Less wealthy land owners, small farmers, craftspeople, and merchants were part of a larger group in Rome called plebeians Rome’s lower class Could vote but could not be elected in office The chief executive officers of the Roman Republic were the consul and the praetors Consul: Two consuls chosen every year ran the government and led Romans into battle Praetors: In charge of civil law Laws that applied to Roman citizens A thriving civilization that began growing on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and it expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world. Select group of about 300 patricians who served for life. At first senates role was to advise government officials Later it had force of law Geography •Italy is a PENINSULA extending 750 miles from north to south •It is only about 120 miles across on average •The APENNINE mountain range runs north to south and divides Italy from EAST to WEST •Did not separate Italy as much as the mountains did in Greece Farming -The most important fertile plains are located in: o The Po River VALLEY in the north o The plain of LATIUM where Rome is located o The region of Campania south of LATIUM Italy had more land for farming than GREECE which allowed it to provide for a larger population Rome - Located 18 miles INLAND on the Tiber River - Gave Rome a ROUTE to the sea o Far enough inland that they were protected them from PIRATES. The Roman Republic Republic: a form of government where the leader is not a KING and certain citizens have the right to VOTE. War and Conquest - In 509 B.C. the ROMANS overthrew the last Etruscan king and established the Roman REPUBLIC. At the beginning of the Republic, Rome was surrounded by ENEMIES and for the next TWO hundred years the city was in continuous warfare. The Struggle of the Orders Patricians: wealthy LANDOWNERS, who became Rome’s ruling class. Plebeians: less wealthy LANDOWNERS, small farmers, craftspeople, and merchants - MEN in both groups were citizens and could VOTE - Only PATRICIANS could be elected to office Children of plebeians and patricians could not MARRY Get with the person next to you and compare your answers for the guided notes Complete the Rome map activity Exit Slip What was the difference between Patricians and Plebeians?