Get out a sheet of paper and number from 1 – 5. 1. Which European nation profited most from trade with the East in the years directly following the crusades? A.Spain B. France C. Italy D.England 2. How did Italy’s location help it become the birthplace of the Renaissance? A. The bubonic plague had not reached the southern tip of Europe B. Italy had access to the classical heritage of Greece and Rome C. Italy was isolated from the rest of Europe by the Alps D. There was an abundance of agricultural crops available 3. The intellectual and cultural movement known as humanism focused on the study of A.Original Christian writings B. Human achievement and potential C. Roman law and government D.Medieval scholarship 4. What does the word “Renaissance” mean? A.Rebirth B. Achievement C. Art D.Splendor 5. During the Renaissance society began focusing more on _?_ and less on the spiritual. A. B. C. D. canon law missionary work the secular iconography Renaissance Arts SSWH9 The student will analyze change and continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation. Why Florence? Who were Machiavelli, Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo? What is humanism? EQ: In what ways did art change during the Renaissance? I. Renaissance Men A. Renaissance writers introduced the idea that educated people were expected strive to master almost every area of study. B. A man who excelled in many fields was praised as a “universal man.” Later ages called such people “Renaissance men.” II. Literature A. Many authors choose to abandon the use of Latin in literature and focused on the local vernacular to write their works. B. In the 14th century Dante Alighieri and Geoffrey Chaucer helped make vernacular language more popular. 1. The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri Guide was Roman classical poet Virgil Greco-Roman themes & writing in the vernacular 2. The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer One of the first major works in literature written in the English language C. Francesco Petrarch 1. “Father of Humanism” 2. Explored the glories and personal achievements of man 3. Emphasized secular not religious subjects ADD numbers 6-10 to your paper. 6. Humanism was an intellectual movement that focused on all of the following EXCEPT: A. The study of the classics B. Humanity as the center of intellectual and artistic endeavor C. Emphasis of human potential and achievements D. Monasticism and religious studies 7. For what is the Medici family famous? A. For being artists B. For being writers C. For begin rulers and supporters of the arts D. For being religious reformers 8. The Medici were 1. A banking family in the city of Florence 2. A trading family in the city of Milan 3. An aristocratic family in the city of Venice 4. A religious family in the city of Rome 9. What is an artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimensions on a flat surface? A.Humanism B. Perspective C. Secular D.Vernacular 10.This is the term for the native language or everyday language of a people (NOT Latin) A.Humanism B. Perspective C. Secular D.Vernacular III. Education in the Renaissance A. The Renaissance saw the development of printing in Europe. B. Johannes Gutenberg’s printing press played a major role in the advancement of education during the Era. C. The printing of books encouraged scholarly research and the desire to gain knowledge. IV. Art and Architecture A. Stressed more secular subjects in literature & art B. More realistic portrayals of people & nature C. Painting turned to realism from medieval formalism and stiffness D. Led by painter Giotto 1. New Techniques 2. Perspective 3. New colors 4. Oil paints (more luster to paintings) 5. Return to Greco-Roman styles E. Leonardo da Vinci 1. Personified the ideal “Renaissance Man” 2. Not only a jack-of-all-trades, but also a master of many 3. Military engineer, anatomist, botanist 4. Self-taught F. Raphael 1. Famous for his many paintings of the Madonna 2. Fresco The School of Athens 3. Depicts Plato and Aristotle surrounded by philosophy and science G. Michelangelo 1. 4 different popes commissioned works by him 2. Sistine Chapel commissioned by Pope Julius II a. 10,000 square feet, 343 figures (1/2 of which are 10 feet in height) b. Took 4 years to complete 3. David a. 18 feet tall b. Perfect example of the Renaissance artists’ devotion to harmony, symmetry, and proportion V. Architecture A. Gothic Style gave way to Greco-Roman style incorporating domes & columns B. Brunelleschi C. Florence Cathedral considered pinnacle of Renaissance architecture D. Modified a design to support the expansive weight of the dome VI. Patronage A. Patrons 1. Wealthy and educated merchants 2. Commissioned art & sponsored cultural activities B. Cosimo de Medici and his son Lorenzo were the greatest of all patrons C. Church also source of commissions 1. Papacy launched a building program culminating in St. Peter’s Basilica VII. Renaissance and Politics A. Niccolo Machiavelli 1. Wrote the book, The Prince, on political power. 2. Emphasized realistic discussions of how to seize and maintain power 3. Concerned with being politically effective rather than morally right.