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FLORENCE AND HUMANISM IN THE RENAISSANCE Florence was and is… A city in Italy with many wealthy people. Where the Renaissance began. The Renaissance… Began in Florence because the artists, architects, writers and sculptors needed wealthy people to pay them for their work. One Wealthy Family… Named the De Medici family were wealthy bankers from Florence. They paid for many early Renaissance works of art. Great room at the De Medici home The De Medici Family… Supported artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Botticelli, and Raphael who all began their artistic careers in Florence. Humanism… Was a philosophy that almost all of the leaders of the Renaissance believed in. Ancient Greek philosophers like Socrates, Plato and Aristotle thought that the Greek gods were not real and that human beings should solve their own problems. Humanism… Was the ideas of the Greek philosophers in a new form. Humanism was a celebration of human accomplishment and ability. Was an idea that said that relying on God to solve all of mankind’s problems leads to disaster. (Black Death) Humanism… Was an idea that said that human beings have the ability and the responsibility to solve their own problems. Scientists of the Renaissance focused on solving problems by gaining more knowledge in science, architecture, literature and math. Artists of the Renaissance focused on realism. Making the people in their paintings and sculptures look as realistic as possible.