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Renaissance:
.
.
New interest in
Reawakening, rebirth
Why did it be!!in in Italv?
.
.
.
survived the Middle Ages
Many cities were
Wealthy and powerful
promoted cultural rebirth - stressed education, individual achievement, spent
lavishly to support the arts
Florence and the Medici's
.
Medici family of Florence organized a successful
.
Cosimo gained control of Florentine
.
.
His grandson -
, very rich
in 1434
- clever politician who held Florence together in the late 1400s
Lorenzo "The Magnificent" - great
What was the Renaissance'!
.
Time of
in political, social, economic, and cultural areas
Characteristics
1. New world view - reawakened interest in
.
.
of Greece and Rome
Medieval scholars focused on life after death, Renaissance thinkers focused on
of now
Emphasis on individual
2. Spirit of A dvellture
.
Renaissance led to
, curiosity (ex. Christopher Columbus)
5
3. Huma,. _n- heart ofItalian Renaissance
.
.
.
.
.
movement
Focused on
rather than on religious issues like Middle Ages
Believed that education should stimulate the individual's
Returned to
powers
in schools - rhetoric, poetry, history
Francesco Petrarch - early Renaissance humanist, assembled library of Greek and Roman manuscripts
The Arts
.
.
.
.
Reflected
Portrayed religious figures but with Greek/Roman
Painted well-known figures of the day
- made a life size statue of soldier on horseback (1st
Studied/revived many Greek and Roman works - ex.
since ancient times)
New Techniques
. Used
paintings
.
Usedperspective(3 dimensional)
.
Used
.
Portrayed human body more accurately than in Middle Ages
Women Artists
.
Some women overcame limits on education and training to become artists
.
Sometimes
.
Some gained acceptance (ex. Sofonisba Angrissola)
Architecture
.
.
Renaissance artists rejected
Adopted
of Middle Ages
favored by Greeks/Romans (ex. Cathedral in Florence - done by
Filippo Brunelleschi - modeled from the Pantheon in Rome)
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