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Transcript
Do Now: review sheet questions 1-3
HW: Castle learning
Pneumonia
• Infection and
inflammation of the
lungs caused by
bacteria
•Alveoli fill with
fluids and mucus
resulting in coughing
and difficulty
breathing
•Treatment:
Antibiotic
Asthma
Asthma
•Caused by allergic reaction
•Bronchioles become narrow
•Causes wheezing, coughing,
and difficulty breathing
•Treatment – Inhaler (usually
contains steroids)
Bronchitis
Bronchitis
•is an inflammation of the bronchi.
•Symptoms include:
Coughing up extra mucus
Wheezing
Difficulty breathing
Runny Nose
•Treatment: inhaler and antibiotics
Emphysema
•Air sacs lose their elasticity and
breakdown
•Resulting in a loss of
respiratory surface in the lungs
 less gas exchange
•Leads to shortness of breath
•Caused by smoking
Lung Cancer
•is a disease of
uncontrolled cell growth
in tissues of the lung
•The most common
symptoms are shortness
of breath, coughing
(including coughing up
blood), and weight loss.
•Treatment:
Surgery, chemotherapy,
radiation
The main causes
of lung cancer
include:
•carcinogens (such as
those in tobacco smoke)
•ionizing radiation
•viral infection
•hereditary
Tuberculosis
is a common and often
deadly infectious
disease caused by
mycobacteria
The classic symptoms of
tuberculosis are a
chronic cough with
blood-tinged sputum,
fever, night sweats, and
weight loss.
Tuberculosis is spread through the air,
when people who have the disease
cough, sneeze, or spit
Treatment for TB uses
antibiotics to kill the
bacteria.