HIV/AIDS Exam Questions
... HIV/AIDS Exam Questions
1. ___________ is when a pathogen is transmitted from human to human.
A. Waterborne disease
B. Communicable disease
C. Vectorborne disease
D. Zoonotic disease
E. All of the above
2. Which of the following characteristics does not apply to viruses?
A. Incapable of independent ...
... Title: Mathematical Modelling of Infectious and Non-infectious Diseases: A case of HIV and
Type II Diabetes
Abstract: Mathematical modelling has been used to great effect, in the understanding of
both infectious and non-infectious diseases. Infectious diseases are illnesses caused by
pathogens, that ...
Infectious Disease - Sonoma Valley High School
... • Pathogen will always be
found in the sick, not in
• It must be isolated and
grown as a culture
• If placed in a new host,
they will become infected
• The pathogen taken from
the 2nd host will be
identical to the original
The University of Texas at Brownsville & Department of Mathematics
... Tuesday, October 26, 2010, 11:00 AM SET-B 3rd Floor
Title: Complexity and Epidemics: The Case of Influenza
Abstract: Disease dynamics are intimately connected to biological, environmental and social
processes over multiple time scales and levels of social and biological organization. Further, in a
Some of the major infectious diseases
... Some of the major infectious diseases (past and present) that have afflicted (and continue to afflict) humans. This is a writable document.
You need to complete the table for 7 bacterial diseases, 7 viral diseases, 4 "protist" diseases, and 2 fungal diseases. If you can't do this on a
computer for s ...
Chapter 26: Infectious Diseases
... the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and state and county public health
departments bear the responsibility for protection of the public health, prevention of
epidemics, and management of outbreaks.
• Clean and disinfect the ambulance and your equipment to protect patients from infe ...
Ecology of Infectious Disease
... Prerequisites: MCB 3020C or PCB 3043
Infectious diseases are caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and
worms. They have had a dramatic effect on human history, and continue to be
a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the 21st century (think cholera and
Ebola virus!). ...
... Deaths/Year: 2 million
AIDS, or acquired immune deficiency
syndrome, is a life-threatening, infectious
disease caused by HIV, a retrovirus that
attacks the body's immune system and
impairs its ability to fight disease.
Ev Comparison Rd 2
... most dangerous diseases are those that spread from one individual to another. If the disease is
highly lethal, then the population drops, and it becomes less likely that individuals will contact
each other during the infectious phase. Highly contagious diseases tend to burn themselves out
that way. ...
Biology: Immune System Study Guide
... 3. What are some roles of bacteria in the environment?
4. Bacteria that break down the nutrients in dead matter into simpler substances that are taken up by plant roots are called
5. What are some human uses for bacteria?
6. The outer protein coat of a virus is called a ____ ...
... environment as well as routes of entry and effects on our bodies
• Evaluate the major environmental risks we face and how risk assessment and
risk acceptability are determined
... AIDS is the final stage of the HIV infection.
Average incubation period for AIDS development is
10 years from point of infection.
Characterized by opportunistic infections.
There is no cure.
... • Attacks the body’s immune system
– Enters the T-cells and multiplies
– Infected Helper T cells burst and infect more T-cells
– When T-cells are destroyed, not enough B-cells are
activated to produce antibodies
– The body can no longer fight invading antigens and is
unable to fight HIV and other pa ...
Population PPT Part 7 Epidemiological Control
... and then die quickly once reaching that advanced age. This transition, according to Abdel Omran (‘71), is the result of a country undergoing the
process of modernization or economic development.
The ETM closely parallels the DTM.
***In the past, parents buried their children; now, children bury thei ...
Chapter 13 Preventing Infectious Diseases
... Describe the role of white blood cells in developing immunity from pathogens.
What is the best way to keep from being infected with strep throat?
What are the symptoms of measles?
What is the total number of deaths due to AIDS?
What is the number of deaths due to acute respiratory infections?
... Infectious disease = a disease that spreads from person to
CH08_Did You Know
... some are preventable, there are some high risk occupations. Non-fatal workplace injuries and
exposure to harmful substances also place a burden on society. What safety laws protect workers
in high risk occupations?
DISEASES GERMS STDS PP
... cannot see it with the naked eye.
Pathogen- A virus or another agent that
causes a disease.
Communicable Disease- Disease that can be
passed from person to person.
Chronic- Long lasting disease.
Acute- Short term disease.
A syndemic is the aggregation of two or more diseases in a population in which there is some level of positive biological interaction that exacerbates the negative health effects of any or all of the diseases. The term was developed and introduced by Merrill Singer in several articles in the mid-1990s and has since received growing attention and use among epidemiologists and medical anthropologists concerned with community health and the effects of social conditions on health, culminating in a recent textbook. Syndemics tend to develop under conditions of health disparity, caused by poverty, stress, or structural violence, and contribute to a significant burden of disease in affected populations. The term syndemic is further reserved to label the consequential interactions between concurrent or sequential diseases in a population and in relation to the social conditions that cluster the diseases within the population.The traditional biomedical approach to disease is characterized by an effort to diagnostically isolate, study, and treat diseases as if they were distinct entities that existed in nature separate from other diseases and independent of the social contexts in which they are found. This singular approach proved useful historically in focusing medical attention on the immediate causes and biological expressions of disease and contributed, as a result, to the emergence of targeted modern biomedical treatments for specific diseases, many of which have been successful. As knowledge about diseases has advanced, it is increasingly realized that diseases are not independent and that synergistic disease interactions are of considerable importance for prognosis. Given that social conditions can contribute to the clustering, form and progression of disease at the individual and population level, there is growing interest in the health sciences on syndemics.