Download World History Unit 4 Study Guide The Crusades, Middle Ages

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Transcript
World History
Unit 4 Study Guide
The Crusades, Middle Ages, Renaissance and Reformation
1.
_Charlemagne______________, crowned as “Roman Emperor”, built an empire that was the first to unify much Western Europe
after the fall of the Roman Empire.
2.
The conflict between Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII was based on Henry wanting to
_______________Lay Investiture_________.
3.
_______Feudal System______ is the social class system of the Middle Ages.
4.
A serf (or peasant) was not allowed to _______________Leave____________ where they worked.
5.
Knights would go train for battle in what were called _______Tournaments______. All of the knights were expected to live up to
an honor code known as ___Chivalry_______.
6.
The highest official in the Catholic Church is the ______Pope______.
7.
A person that cannot receive the sacraments from the Church has been __________excommunicated__________.
8.
What do you call the laws of the church?
Canon Laws
9.
What were the Christians and Muslims fighting for during the Crusades?
Holy Lands/Jerusalem
10. The goal of the First Crusade was to take ________Jerusalem________ from the Muslim Turks.
11. ____________Saladin_________ was the Muslim leader who united the Turks and Arabs and took Jerusalem from the crusaders
after the Second Crusade.
12. ________Richard the Lionhearted___________ was the English king that led the Third Crusade and secured safe travels for
Christians that wanted to go visit the Muslim controlled Holy Lands.
13. The Reconquista refers to the wars fought by Ferdinand and Isabella to recapture __________Spain__ from the Muslims.
14. The Hundred Years War was caused by a ____the king of England claiming the throne in France_____
____________________________________________________________________________________________________.
15. Who was Joan of Arc, what did she do, and why did she die?
Teenage French peasant girl who lead the French army in the defeat of England. She was burned alive for being a witch
16. The ______Plague________resulted in up to half of the European population ________dying________, many
serfs were allowed to leave the manor farms, and people beginning to doubt the power of the __________Pope________.
17. How was the plague in Europe carried from one place to another across the continent?
Fleas on Rats
18. ___Machiavelli________ wrote The Prince, a handbook on how to gain and keep political power.
19. ______Michaelangelo________ painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David and La Pieta.
20. ____Leonardo___________ is the inspiration for the term “Renaissance Man.”
21. _____Martin Luther________ was a German monk who wrote the 95 Theses, sparking the Protestant Reformation.
22. What was the church doing that “sparked” him (answer to 21) to write the 95 Theses?
Indulgences
23. Who was John Calvin?
Leader of Calvinism foundation of the Presbyterians
24. ______Shakespeare____________ was a playwright from England whose works included Romeo and Juliet, Julius Caesar, and
Hamlet.
25. ____Johann Gutenberg_________ was a German credited for inventing the printing press and making the spread of ideas much
easier.
26. The series of events that led to Christianity being spit into the Catholic Church and numerous Protestant denominations is referred
to as the _____Reformation________.
27. The author of the Divine Comedy wrote about a journey through hell, purgatory and heaven. His name was
____Dante________.
28. The goal of the _____Catholic Reformation_______ was to support education and to stop the spread of Protestantism.
29. In order to gain new converts to Catholicism, the Pope created a society known as the ____Jesuits______.
30. The rebirth of classical ideas from Greece and Rome was called the ____Renaissance________.
31. Why is Henry VIII an important figure of the Reformation time period?
He created the Church of England
32. How did writers of the Renaissance differ from those before them?
They wrote in the local language, vernacular
33. Why did the Renaissance happen at the point in history that it did?
People were tired of all the death and sorrow of the middle ages