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Transcript
Music Basics Study Guide
1.
A music Staff has 5 lines & 4 spaces
2.
Bar Lines, Measures & Double Bar Lines
(measures are the spaces between bar lines)
Double Bar Line
(the end)
(bar lines divide a staff into measures)
3. Notes (indicate singing or playing)
O
whole
note
O
half
note
quarter
note
or
or
eighth
note
sixteenth
note
study guide – 2
4. Rests (indicate silence)
whole
half
quarter
rest
rest
rest
7
7
eighth
sixteenth
rest
rest
5. Music Clefs
treble clef
bass clef
(high)
(low)
6. Line and Space Letter Names
Helpful Hints:
 the spaces on treble clef spell “face”
 the phrase “every good boy does fine” can be used to
remember the line letters on treble clef
 the phrase “all cows eat grass” can be used to
remember the space letters on bass clef
 the phrase “good boys do fine always” can be used to
remember the line letters on bass clef
study guide - 3
E
C
A
F
F
D
B
G
E
G
E
C
A
A
F
D
B
G
study guide - 4
7.
Note & Rest Values in a
4
4
time signature
 Whole Notes/Rests
= 4 beats
 Half Notes/Rests
= 2 beats
 Quarter Notes/Rests = 1 beat
 Eighth Notes/Rests
= ½ beat
 Sixteenth Notes/Rests = ¼ beat
8. Basic Terms
 Tempo – the speed of a tune
 Beat – the steady pulse behind all music
 Rhythm – the patterns of sound and silence in music
 Note – a symbol used for a musical tone
 Pitch – how high or low a note is sounded
 Melody – the catchy, main tune of a song
 Harmony – pitches that support the melody
 Timbre – the tone quality of a singing voice or musical
Instrument
 Compose – the act of arranging musical elements and using
principles of organization to create an original musical piece
 ABA Form is a three-part form in music where the first and last
sections of a piece are the same, and the middle section is
different
study guide – 5
9. Dynamics are the loud and soft markings in music.
Symbol
Italian Word
p
piano
soft
f
forte
loud
mp
mezzo piano
medium soft
mf
mezzo forte
medium loud
pp
pianissimo
very soft
ff
fortissimo
very loud
crescendo
decrescendo
10.
English Meaning
get louder gradually
get softer gradually
Accidentals
 Flat  Sharp -
- lowers a note by a semitone (½ step)
- raises a note by a semitone (½ step)
study guide – 6
11.
Primary Instruments of the Orchestra
String Family
Woodwind Family
violin
flute
viola
clarinet
cello
oboe
double bass
bassoon
Brass Family
Percussion Family
trumpet
timpani
french horn
bass drum
trombone
snare drum
tuba
cymbals
gong
triangle
chimes
xylophone
piano