Download Chapter MP3 script

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Revenue management wikipedia , lookup

Social media marketing wikipedia , lookup

Market penetration wikipedia , lookup

Bayesian inference in marketing wikipedia , lookup

Affiliate marketing wikipedia , lookup

First-mover advantage wikipedia , lookup

Service parts pricing wikipedia , lookup

Retail wikipedia , lookup

Dumping (pricing policy) wikipedia , lookup

Product placement wikipedia , lookup

Perfect competition wikipedia , lookup

Neuromarketing wikipedia , lookup

Marketing research wikipedia , lookup

Marketing communications wikipedia , lookup

Pricing wikipedia , lookup

Ambush marketing wikipedia , lookup

Product lifecycle wikipedia , lookup

Price discrimination wikipedia , lookup

Sports marketing wikipedia , lookup

Digital marketing wikipedia , lookup

Multi-level marketing wikipedia , lookup

Food marketing wikipedia , lookup

Target audience wikipedia , lookup

Viral marketing wikipedia , lookup

Predictive engineering analytics wikipedia , lookup

Guerrilla marketing wikipedia , lookup

Youth marketing wikipedia , lookup

Direct marketing wikipedia , lookup

Marketing plan wikipedia , lookup

Integrated marketing communications wikipedia , lookup

Pricing strategies wikipedia , lookup

Marketing wikipedia , lookup

Target market wikipedia , lookup

Multicultural marketing wikipedia , lookup

Advertising campaign wikipedia , lookup

Marketing channel wikipedia , lookup

Street marketing wikipedia , lookup

Green marketing wikipedia , lookup

Product planning wikipedia , lookup

Sensory branding wikipedia , lookup

Marketing mix modeling wikipedia , lookup

Marketing strategy wikipedia , lookup

Global marketing wikipedia , lookup

Chapter MP3 script 32
The Marketing Mix: Product and Price
In this recording we summarise the content of chapter 32 The Marketing Mix: Product and Price.
Studying this chapter should help you specify the key elements of the marketing mix; discuss what is
meant by branding and explain how packaging and labelling can contribute to a brand's success;
understand how the management of products and services changes over the different stages of the
lifecycle and explain the process by
which new products are developed and adopted by markets; understand how to price product and
services; .
Introducing the chapter, the authors start with 1. Once a company determines its target market and
establishes a position within that market, it is ready to begin its marketing. The tools used for this are
the controllable variables of the marketing mix, (Barringer and Ireland 2010); the variables are used
by the organisation to satisfy customers in the target markets. The mix is effectively the tactical
‘toolkit’ of the marketing programme; product, place/distribution, promotion, price (and people)
variables, as illustrated in Figure 32.1. Baines, Fill and Page (2008) deem it to be the list of items a
marketing manager should consider when devising plans for marketing products, including product
decisions, place (distribution) decisions, pricing decisions, and promotion decisions. Later the mix was
extended to include process, and people decisions to account for the lack of physical nature in service
products. When marketing their products, firms need to create a successful mix of: the right product,
sold at the right price, in the right place and using the most suitable promotion. Optimizing the
marketing mix is the primary responsibility of marketing. By offering the product with the right
combination of the four Ps, marketers can improve their results and marketing effectiveness. The
marketing mix is probably the most famous marketing term and its elements are the basic
components of a marketing plan. The offer made to the customer can be altered by varying the mix
elements. Each aspect of the marketing mix is described in this section of the book, starting in this
chapter with the product and price.
[Insert Figure 32.1 the marketing mix here].
The key concepts discussed within this chapter are:
Marketing mix - the tactical ‘toolkit’ of the marketing programme; product, place/distribution,
promotion, price and people variables that an organisation can control in order to appeal to the
target market and facilitate satisfying exchange; Marketing plan - the written arrangements for
specifying, implementing and controlling an organisation’s marketing activities and marketing mixes;
Price variable - The aspect of the marketing mix that relates to activities associated with establishing
pricing policies and determining product prices; Product development - a strategy of increasing sales
by improving present products or developing new products for current markets; Product life cycle the four major stages through which products move: introduction, growth, maturity and decline; .
Other terms discussed include:
Boston Matrix; Brand; Branding; Packaging; Product portfolio; Product portfolio analysis; .
© K e l l y 2010
Summarising and concluding, the author(s) make the following comments - 20. Products (including
services) must be developed and launched in order to generate revenue for the organisation. They
then pass through various stages as reflected in the product lifecycle. Organisations rarely rely on a
single product and the process of managing groups of brands and product lines is called portfolio
planning. We introduced the Boston matrix to help consider management of the portfolio. Products
must compete with similar rival offerings and brands help customers to differentiate between
offerings. Packaging and labelling can help contribute to the success of a product/ brand. Before a
product is offered, the organisation must determine the offer price. This is important because price
determines profitability and revenue generation. Price, costs, quality and value are interconnected.
There are a variety of pricing policies and strategies and the marketing manager must consider many
factors when setting price. Whilst competitor pricing must be considered, price wars can devastate
companies and there are ways to avoid them..
We have now reached the end of the chapter 'The Marketing Mix: Product and Price'.
There are a number of references for this chapter where further reading opportunities are identified
for you.
Additionally, there are questions or activities to help develop and test your understanding of this