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Explain how mental disorders are
Identify four causes of mental disorders
Describe different types of mental disorders
 Vocab
on page 82
 Questions on page 88
A mental disorder is an illness that
affects the mind and reduces a
person’s ability to function, to adjust
to change, or get along with others
For example, a mental disorder could
affect a person’s ability to study, keep
a job, or make friends
 There are ways to deal with and
overcome disorders
 Love and Respect (Soloist story)
Abnormal thoughts
Abnormal feelings
Abnormal behaviors
These are signs or symptoms of a mental
The symptoms must be FREQUENT and affect
the person’s ability to function
ADHD example
Physical Factors: Damage to the brain, via a
growth, tumor, poison, drugs and alcohol
Heredity: May inherit a tendency toward a
mental disorder
Early Experiences: Neglect or abuse as a child
Recent Experiences:, traumatic events, death
of a loved one, similar to PTSD
Unknown causes: Scientists do not fully
understand where all mental disorders come
Anxiety Disorders (intense fear or worry)
◦ (General Anxiety Disorder, Phobias, Panic Attacks, OCD,
Mood Disorders (extreme emotions, Depression)
ADHD (Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder)
Difficult paying attention, easily distracted,
fidgety, constantly moving)
Schizophrenia (severe dillusions, hallucinations,
mood swings, behavior change)
Impusle-Control Disorders (driven by an impulse,
similar to an addiction)
Generalized Anxiety:intense worry or fear, or
anxiety for at least six months. Not a specific
Phobia: anxiety that is related to a specific
situation (example, spiders)
Panic Attacks: Intense fear with physical
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A thought or
image that takes control of the mind that
compels you to act a certain way
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Guilt, flashbacks,
stress, or anxiety related to a traumatic event.
Do you have anxiety?
Do you have any phobias?
If not, do you have any fears?
How could you overcome this fear or phobia?
Draw a picture of you overcoming the fear or
phobia (worth 5 points)