A Psychiatric Diagnosis Primer
... does cause a diagnosable mental illness in her. Accordingly, the illness may cause Harry to
become stressed and pressured which in turn creates a mental illness for Harry. Sound a bit
complicated? In this case, the very thing that most people would consider a problem was not a
problem or issue at al ...
Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders
... affective flattening may smile and warm up occasionally, his or her range of emotional
expressiveness is clearly diminished most of the time. It may be useful to observe the person
interacting with peers to determine whether affective flattening is sufficiently persistent to meet
the criterion. Alo ...
Harmonisation of ICD–11 and DSM–V
... the field of psychiatry by virtue of defining a common language
that allows clinicians to communicate more effectively with one
another and researchers to reliably define diagnostic samples for
study. Their value in facilitating communication is undercut,
however, by the fact that for most categorie ...
IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science (IOSR-JNHS)
... Effect of Desensitization Package on Rejection Sensitivity among Adolescents with Borderline…
of a well balanced healthy personality will be must in a developing nation like our‘s and any problems during
the personality development phases may lead to mental health problems.
Adolescents are highly v ...
The Relationship Between ADHD and Trait Facets of the Five
... (Polanczyk, Lima, Horta, Biederban, & Rohde 2007), and approximately 4.4% of the
population continues to meet criteria into adulthood (Kessler et al., 2006). Multiple
investigations found higher rates of ADHD in adults diagnosed as children, compared
with those who were not diagnosed with this disor ...
CBHSQ DATA REVIEW
... Many of the more common and commonly assessed
mood and anxiety disorders (e.g., major depressive
disorder [MDD], bipolar I disorder, generalized anxiety
disorder [GAD], and specific phobia) were included in
the assessment. Adjustment disorder was also included
in order to capture mental health sympt ...
Preview the material
... diagnostic criteria, a multiaxial system, and a descriptive approach that attempted to be neutral
with respect to theories of etiology. This effort was facilitated by extensive empirical work on
the construction and validation of explicit diagnostic criteria and the development of semistructured int ...
The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders
... diagnostic guidelines, are the culmination of the efforts of numerous people
who have contributed to it over many years. The work has gone through several
major drafts, each prepared after extensive consultation with panels of experts, national and international psychiatric societies, and individual ...
The Behavioral Activation System and Mania
... something desired. To do so, BAS functions
include a broad range of affective and cognitive
processes in support of goal-directed behavior.
It is helpful to differentiate among the inputs
to, the outputs of, and the sensitivity of the BAS.
Inputs to the BAS are stimuli that serve as cues
for goal-di ...
DSM-5: A Comprehensive Review
... and policymakers since the original draft was published in 1952.1 The fifth
revision of the Manual, known as DSM-5, was published on May 22, 2013,
after receiving approval at the annual APA conference. Although the manual
has been considered the standard for the diagnosis of mental disorders, each
Prevalence, Clinical Correlates, and Longitudinal Course of Severe
... determine whether a feature had occurred during the preceding
3-month period. Intensity refers to the strength or force of a
symptom/behavior and the extent to which it was intrusive,
interfering, and generalized across a range of activities. A rating
of “2” or higher indicates that the symptom was ...
1 DSM-5 A Comprehensive Review Dr. Jassin M. Jouria is a medical
... ICD-9 did not include diagnostic criteria or a multiaxial system largely because the
primary function of this international system was to outline categories for the
collection of basic health statistics. In contrast, DSM-III was developed with the
additional goal of providing a medical nomenclature ...
Generalized anxiety disorder and clinical worry episodes in young
... suggest that the percentage of subjects who do
not fulfil all criteria relevant for GAD but may
suffer from the majority of its symptoms should
be determined. In similar vein, it has been
argued that generalized anxiety even at a subclinical level may cause severe psychosocial impairment (Angst, 199 ...
Body dysmorphic disorder: some key issues for DSMV - DSM-5
... in obsessional thinking, we might also note that the
content of BDD and OCD thoughts differs, as does
degree of insight (or ‘‘ego-dystonicity’’), as discussed in
a separate review. These latter two concepts differ
from the process involved in obsessions, and thus are
not discussed in detail here ...
The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders
... For each disorder, a description is provided of the main clinical features, and also of any
important but less specific associated features. "Diagnostic guidelines" are then provided
in most cases, indicating the number and balance of symptoms usually required before a
confident diagnosis can be mad ...
Forgiveness, Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms, and Locus
... forgiveness on a variety of mental health variables including general mental health, depression,
possession of a DSM diagnosis, suicidal behavior, and substance use. In addition, forgiveness
was related to better overall emotional functioning, including reduced anger, hostility,
aggression, negativ ...
Generalized worry disorder - DSM-5
... this central concept of worry? Options include names
like ‘‘generalized worry disorder,’’ ‘‘major worry
disorder,’’ or ‘‘pathological worry disorder.’’ Indeed,
the prominence of worry in this disorder has led GAD
patients to often be referred to as ‘‘pathological’’ or
‘‘chronic’’ worriers. The term ...
ASSESSMENT OF DISORDERED EATING
... and students are free from food-related issues due to their training and expertise
(Houston, 2008; Mehr, 2005). Often times, they are facing the same issues that the rest
of the population faces, including disordered eating behaviors and diagnosed eating
disorders. In a recent study of dietitians in ...
UNDERSTANDING ABNORMALITY: DEFINITION
... question - is the abnormality caused by something in the nature or
biology of the person or due to nurturing factors like life
Social scientists are of the view that there is an interaction
between these factors and have used the term ‗biopsychosocial‘
to denote the same. The diathesis- ...
Personality, mental health and demographic correlates of
... a study in the UK using DSM-5 criteria found a prevalence of 1.5% for hoarding disorder
(Nordsletten et al., 2013). However, hoarding behaviours probably exist on a continuum,
and there is little, if any evidence, to validate the boundaries of hoarding disorder as
currently defined by the DSM-5.
A New Model of Dissociative Identity Disorder
Flashbacks are common for persons who have DID [3,10,14,
18,24,27,32,35]. Similarly, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been
reported to be extensively comorbid with DID [10–12,15,24]. The DDIS
and the SCID-D-R inquire about ﬂashbacks. DSM-IV lists ﬂashbacks as an
associated descrip ...
Disordered eating and psychological help-seeking
... seems particularly salient. If an individual believes that their behavior is “normal” or
sanctioned by society, they will likely not perceive a need. Additionally, if an individual
is not feeling distressed by the drawbacks of their disorder (or is enjoying the benefits of
the disorder) they may not ...
Characteristics of Binge Eating Disorder in Relation
... binge eating episodes (occurring on average at least once a week for 3 months)
characterized by the consumption of larger amounts of food in a discrete period than
is typical for most people under similar circumstances and a sense of loss of control
over eating during these episodes, and there must ...
Coaches and Trainers Toolkit - National Eating Disorders Association
... Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical
Manual of Mental Disorders to describe feeding or
eating behaviors that cause clinically significant distress
and impairment in areas of functioning, but do not
meet the full criteria for any of the other feeding and
A diagnosis ...
Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder
Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD), also called anankastic personality disorder, is a personality disorder characterized by a general pattern of concern with orderliness, perfectionism, excessive attention to details, mental and interpersonal control, and a need for control over one's environment, at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency. Workaholism and miserliness are also seen often in those with this personality disorder. Rituals are performed to the point of excluding leisure activities and friendships. Persons affected with this disorder may find it hard to relax, always feeling that time is running out for their activities and that more effort is needed to achieve their goals. They may plan their activities down to the minute—a manifestation of the compulsive tendency to keep control over their environment and to dislike unpredictable things as things they cannot control.OCPD occurs in about 2–8% of the general population and 8–9% of psychiatric outpatients. The disorder most often occurs in men.This is a distinct disorder from obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), which is an anxiety, rather than a personality, disorder, and the relation between the two is contentious. Some, but not all, studies have found high comorbidity rates between the two disorders, and both may share outside similarities – rigid and ritual-like behaviors, for example. Hoarding, orderliness, and a need for symmetry and organization are often seen in people with either disorder. However, attitudes toward these behaviors differ between people affected with either of the disorders: for people with OCD, these behaviors are unwanted and seen as unhealthy, being the product of anxiety-inducing and involuntary thoughts, while for people with OCPD they are experienced as rational and desirable, being the result of, for example, a strong adherence to routines, a natural inclination towards cautiousness, or a desire to achieve perfection.