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Anxiety Disorders A group of conditions where the primary symptoms are anxiety or defenses against anxiety. The patient fears something awful will happen to them. Are anxiety disorders a neurosis or psychosis.? What is anxiety? • is a state of intense apprehension, uneasiness, uncertainty, or fear. Generalized Anxiety Disorder • An anxiety disorder in which a person is continuously tense, apprehensive and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal. The patient is constantly tense and worried, feels inadequate, is oversensitive, can’t concentrate and suffers from insomnia. Panic Disorder • An anxiety disorder marked by a minutes-long episode of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking and other frightening sensations. Can cause secondary disorders, such as agoraphobia. Phobias • A person experiences sudden episodes of intense dread. Common Examples of OCD Common Obsessions: Common Compulsions: Contamination fears of germs, dirt, Washing etc. Imagining having harmed self or Repeating others Imagining losing control of aggressive urges Checking Intrusive sexual thoughts or urges Touching Excessive religious or moral doubt Counting Forbidden thoughts Ordering/arranging A need to have things "just so" Hoarding or saving A need to tell, ask, confess Praying Explanations for Anxiety Disorders • You Learn them through conditioning. •Evolution •Genes •Physiology (the brain) Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: People who experience an event outside the normal range of human experience often exhibit a range of severely distressing symptoms.