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Transcript
Competition & Conflict in
Ancient Greece
Persian Wars
Peloponnesian Wars
Ionian Greeks
rebel against
Persian Empire
Ionian Greeks
Persian (Achaemenid) Empire
Darius Invades, 490 BCE
Athenians defeat
the Persians at
the Battle of
Marathon,
490BCE
Burial Mound
(192 Athenians died; over 6,000 Persians)
Themistocles
encourages
Athenians to form
a powerful navy
Model of a Greek trireme
Themistocles
Xerxes launches
invasion of
Balkan Peninsula
480 BCE
King Leonidas
fights the
Persians at
Thermopylae
Was it a victory?
Greeks organize
the Delian
League to meet
continued threats
from Persia
Age of Pericles:
the Golden Age
of Athens
War broke out
between Athens
and Sparta,
431BCE
Sparta, founder
of the
Peloponnesian
League, invaded
Athens
rd
1/3
of Athenian
population dies in
a terrible plague,
including Pericles
Internal fighting
amongst Greek
city states,
Thebes defeats
Sparta
Macedonia
conquers all
Greek citystates, 338BCE
Pericles Funeral
Oration
(later recorded by
Thucydides)
"My
task is now finished. I have performed it
to the best of my ability, and in word, at
least, the requirements of the law are now
satisfied. If deeds be in question, those who
are here interred have received part of their
honours already, and for the rest, their
children will be brought up till manhood at
the public expense: the state thus offers a
valuable prize, as the garland of victory in
this race of valour, for the reward both of
those who have fallen and their survivors.
And where the rewards for merit are
greatest, there are found the best citizens.
Closure Questions
1. How is one of these conflicts an example
of Greek unity while the other is an
example of Greek discord?
2. In what way did Athenian power
contribute to the outbreak of the
Peloponnesian War?
3. Why might it be said that all Greeks were
losers in the Peloponnesian War?