Download Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Epikleros wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek literature wikipedia, lookup

Pontic Greeks wikipedia, lookup

Athenian democracy wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek religion wikipedia, lookup

Ionian Revolt wikipedia, lookup

Spartan army wikipedia, lookup

Peloponnesian War wikipedia, lookup

Second Persian invasion of Greece wikipedia, lookup

Battle of the Eurymedon wikipedia, lookup

Corinthian War wikipedia, lookup

300 (film) wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek warfare wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Warring City-States
Section 2
p. 115-119
1. The ______________ was the fundamental political unit in ancient Greece. The ________________ is the public center of a citystate. The ____________________is he highest point in elevation in a Greek city-state.
2. Some city states had a ___________________, rule by a king, queen, or royal family. Some had an __________________, rule by
a a small group of land-owning wealthy families. Others had an ____________, rule by a few powerful people
3. A New Kind of Army Emerges
During the Dorian Age only the rich could afford expensive _____________ weapons and shields. __________ weapons are cheaper
than bronze.
4. Foot soldiers were called _______________. Their fighting formation was called the _______________. It became the most
powerful fighting force in the ancient world
5. Powerful individuals called _______________ gained control of the government by appealing to the _______ and discontented.
6. Unlike other Greek city-states, ____________ built a military government. Sparta conquered ____________ around 725 BC
7. Each year the Spartans demanded _______________of the helots yearly crop. Around _________ BC the Messenians revolted.
Messenians outnumbered the Spartans ___________ to one.
8. Two groups governed Sparta, An ________________ – all free adult males. A ______________ ___ __________________
proposed laws on which the assembly voted. Five elected ____________ carried out the laws passes by the Assembly. Two
______________ ruled over Sparta’s military.
9. Military training for men began at age _____________. Boys left home and moved into ______________. Girls could not vote,
but had more _____________ than women in other Greek city-states.
10. Athenians avoided the power struggles between rich and poor by starting a __________________, rule by the people. Only free
adult ____________ counted as citizens and were allowed to vote. ____________ made up 1/3rd of the population.
11. In 621 BC ____________ wrote the first Greek legal code. It addressed ____________ ____________ in which poor farmers
worked as slaves to pay debts. ___________________ outlawed debt slavery
12. __________________seized power in 546 BC after the death of Solon. He became one of Athens first tyrants. Cleisthenes
reorganized the Assembly to break up the power of the _________________. He created the Council of ______________
_________________, they were chosen by lot and proposed laws.
Only 1/5th of Athenians were actual citizens who could vote
13. The Persian Wars began in _________ on the coast of Anatolia where Greeks had established _________.
Persians conquered the area in 520 BC.
14. The Persian fleet carried 25,000 men across the Aegean and landed at ________________. The Greeks charged and defeated the
Persians. ___________ Persians and ________ Athenians were killed. A runner was sent from the battle sight to take message back
to Athens. __________________ ran the distance, delivered the message, then collapsed and died
15. Thermopylae and Salamis -- ______________ – son of Darius tried to crush Greece
Greeks were divided about what to do. At the battle of _______________, a narrow mountain pass, the outnumbered Greeks fought
for three days before a traitor told the Persians about a secret path around the cliffs. 300 ______________ soldiers were killed
16. ___________________ was a sea victory for Athens. Xerxes watches as 1/3rd of his fleet is sunk. The remainder of the Persian
army is defeated by Spartans at the Battle of ______________ in 479 BC
Consequences of the Persian Wars
17. Athens used its powerful __________ to control the other members of the Delian League