Download The Persian War

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Theorica wikipedia, lookup

Epikleros wikipedia, lookup

Trireme wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek literature wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek warfare wikipedia, lookup

List of oracular statements from Delphi wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek religion wikipedia, lookup

Spartan army wikipedia, lookup

300 (film) wikipedia, lookup

Second Persian invasion of Greece wikipedia, lookup

Battle of the Eurymedon wikipedia, lookup

Peloponnesian War wikipedia, lookup

Corinthian War wikipedia, lookup

Ionian Revolt wikipedia, lookup

First Peloponnesian War wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
The Persian Wars: A Defining
Moment in Greek History
What is the opposite of
Greek?
What does it take to make the
Greeks unite against a
common enemy?
Tonight’s Class

The Persian Wars, Part I

Movie: Homer’s Odyssey

Persian Wars, Part II
Key Questions for Today’s
Lecture

Who are the Persians?

What are the causes of war?

What key events occur during the war?

Who wins the war and what are the
consequences?
Where Is Persia?
Who Are The Persians?

Absolute Rule of Kings

Poverty vs. Decadence

Excellence vs. Money
The Causes of War

Persians invaded Greece

490 BC (Marathon)

480-479 BC
Battle of Marathon- 490 BCE
Countless Persians vs.
10,000 Athenians
“The magnificent grove of
Marathon can confirm
his bravery – as well
as the long-haired
Persian – who
remembers it well.”
Epitaph of Aeschylus
Where were the
Spartans?
The Consequences of War

History changes as a result of this battle

Athenians = great political confidence

Athenian wealth, greatness + power
reflected in literature + building projects
Athens as a Naval Power

482 BCE

Silver Mines

Aristides’s Plan

Themistocles’s resolve
The Madness of Xerxes

Bridge over the
Hellespont

40,000 hoplites + 366
ships

200,000 + 1000 ships

Ships destroyed
Thermopylae – 480 BCE

Trap the army, destroy
the fleet

300 men, 2 days, one
fight to the death

“Go tell them in
Sparta, stranger, that
we lie here obedient to
their orders.”
Simonides
Leonidas - Hero Of the Battle
If Fox News Had Been There!
Salamis – 480 BCE

Themistocles’s Brilliant
Plan

Greek Fleet vs.
Persian Fleet

Persia loses the battle
479 Battle of Plataea

Spartans win

But Athens still has naval superiority

Greeks win war, but lose internal unity
Sparta vs. Athens

Sparta won the deciding battle but . . .

Athens had the navy

478 - Delian League

One vote each = democratic alliance
Why Is This A Defining
Moment in Greek History?
Athens - cultural center of the Greek
World . . . with the common enemy
vanquished, Greeks will fight amongst
themselves.
Coming Next Week . . .

ATHENIAN LEADERSHIP

WOULD THE ATHENIANS HAVE
ELECTED ARNOLD?