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The Greeks Go To
A Battle of survival
against the PERSIANS!!!
Persian Wars (499–449 B.C.)
The Ionian Greek cities in western Asia Minor
revolted unsuccessfully against the Persians in
499 B.C.
Darius, the Persian ruler, sought revenge.
In 490 B.C., the outnumbered Athenians
defeated the Persians at the Battle of Marathon
Xerxes vowed revenge
Greeks United
Xerxes invaded with a massive army: 180,000
Seven thousand Greeks held them off for two
days at the pass of Thermopylae
Athenians defeat Persians at sea, near island of
Victories at Salamis and Plataea force Persian
Importance of the Persian Wars
Greek city-states joined together to form the
Athens emerged as the leader and preserved
“Golden AGE of Pericles” of Greece
Greece controlled the Aegean Sea
Peloponnesian War (431–404 B.C.)
Many Greeks resented the Athenian domination.
The Greek world split into rival camps.
To counter the Delian League, Sparta and other
enemies of Athens formed the Peloponnesian
After a series of disputes, the Great
Peloponnesian War broke out in 431 B.C.
War lasts for 27 years
Plague occurs and kills Pericles of Athens
Athens was finally defeated in 405 B.C.
Importance of the Peloponnesian
Weakened Athens and Sparta, setting the stage
for Macedonian conquests of Greece and the
end of Greek democracy
Age of Pericles
Textbook pg. 123, #3
Read pgs. 121-122 “The Athenian Empire”