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Judaism Unit - review
For your test…
Read your 6 trait model
Reread your notes
Make some connections
Review the BIG list of terms
The GREAT BIG list of Jewish terms
• Covenant with God – responsibility of being ‘chosen’
• The Patriarchs – Abraham, Isaac, Jacob
• Moses
• Exile
• The Diaspora
• Creation of State of Israel
• Pogroms, ghettos
• The golden age of Jewish thought (Spain –
• Destruction of the Temple by Rome (70 CE)
• The Shema – connect to mezuzah, tefillin, Torah learning
• The Covenant and the ‘Chosen’ People of God
– Connect responsibilities and privileges
• Maimonides 13 Principles of Faith
• The Afterlife
Sacred Stories
• Tanakh
• 1. Torah (written and oral)
• 2. Talmud (“oral Torah”)
• 10 commandments
• Halakah/Halakhah - 613 commandments,
chukkim – “the way of living that is pleasing to
• Kosher food laws – (kosher certification)
– Meat, fish
– Grains (Passover and not)
– Wine, grapes
– Dairy and meat
Rituals and Festivals
• Sabbath
• Passover/Pesach
• Rosh Hashanah
• Yom Kippur
• Hanukkah
• Purim
• Bar/bat mitzvah
• Marriage, divorce
- Shema
- Amidah
- Kaddish
- Blessings/baruchot
Community of
Main sects/branches of
• Orthodox
• Reform
• Conservative
• Ultra-Orthodox
• Rabbi
• Synagogue or Temple
• Star of David
• Shofar
• Kippah/yarmulke
• Menorah
• Tallit, tzitzit
• Tefillin
• Mezuzah
Jewish Blessings
Transliteration: Barukh atah Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam...
Translation: "Blessed are You, LORD, our God, King of the universe...“
• Holidays:
– Shabbat
• Candle lighting blessings before Shabbat
• Havdalah ("Separation" ceremony)
– Hanukkah
• Blessing for lighting the candles
• Blessing for the miracles of Hanukkah
– Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur (The High Holy Days)
• Candle lighting
• Over apples and honey on Rosh Hashanah
– Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles)
• Mezuzah
• “Who has kept us alive” – blessings said when something pleasant happens that has not happened in a
while (on holidays, but not Sabbath – for things like wearing new clothes, trying new food)
– Transliteration: Barukh atah Adonai Eloheinu melekh ha'olam, she'hehiyanu
v'kiy'manu v'higi'anu la-z'man ha-ze.
– Translation: "Blessed are You, LORD, our God, King of the universe, Who has
kept us alive, sustained us, and enabled us to reach this season."
• Everyday prayers and blessings
Upon waking up
For putting on tzitzit
• For putting on a talit katan
• For putting on a tallit gadol (prayer shawl)
– On inspection of the tzitzit
– Before putting on the tallit
– After wrapping the tallit around the body
For putting on tefillin
• On placement of the arm-tefillin
• On placement of the head-tefillin
• On coiling the straps around the middle finger
Blessings during a meal
• N'tilat Yadayim (Ritual washing of hands)
• Blessing over the bread
• After the meal
• Blessings over food
– Before eating grain products – M'zonot
– Before drinking wine – Ha-Gafen
– Before eating fruit – Ha-Etz
– Before eating non-fruit produce – Ha-Adama
– Before eating other foods – She-Hakol
– On immersion in a Mikvah
• Blessing for surviving danger or illness
Making Connections
1. What is the most important observance in Judaism?
2. What is the holiest festival – when most Jews
(observant or not) will go to the synagogue
3. Why do Jews say so many blessings? What does it
suggest about daily life and worship?
Connect to halakha
Connect to rituals, festivals
Connect to the covenant – “chosen people”
Connect to the Jewish image of God
4. Create a word web summarizing daily life for:
An observant Orthodox Jewish woman
An observant Orthodox Jewish man
A Reform Jew (man or woman) who belongs to a synagogue
5. Which is more important in Judaism? The oral Torah
or the written Torah? Explain your answer using the
following terms: rabbinic Judaism, the Talmud, Moses,