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Transcript
Judaism
• This is the Star of
David, a generally
recognized symbol of
Judaism and Jewish
identity and is also
known as the Jewish
Star.
The Basics
• Monotheistic
• Linked to Christianity
– Believe in the 10 Commandments
• Faith of the Jewish people began with the
Israelites
• Sacred text= the Torah: first 5 books of the
Bible: Genesis; Exodus; Leviticus; Numbers;
Deuteronomy
• Abraham is considered the Father of the Jews
General Beliefs
• God: exists, is one
and unique, is
intangible, is eternal
• God knows the
thoughts and deeds
of men
• Prayer is to be
directed to God alone
• The words of the
prophets are true-Moses
and Abraham being
particularly important
• The Torah was given to
Moses
• The Messiah/savior will
come
• The dead will be
resurrected
How it started
• Jews believe God made a
covenant (binding
agreement) with
Abraham, just like
Christians do.
• In this covenant Jews
believe they were
ordained as God’s
chosen people-meaning
they were given more
responsibility as God’s
children-but are no more
special than any other
Why are they called Jews?
• First book of the Torah (Genesis 14:13) teaches that
Abraham, commonly recognized as the first Jew, was
described as a “Hebrew.”
• “Jew” comes from the name Judah, one of the twelve
sons of Jacob (grandson of Abraham), and one of the
twelve tribes of Israel.
• “Jew” originally referred to those who were a member of
the tribe of Judah, but when the kingdom was divided
(Israel in the north and Judah in the South) (after the
reign of Solomon-1 Kings, chapter 12) it referred to
anyone in the kingdom of Judah.
• Many believe that a Jew is anyone who is a descendant
of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob;
– or simply a believer in the faith of Judaism
History
• The Exodus:
– Israelites/Jews escaped Egypt and were
forced into slavery
• Moses pleaded with the Pharaoh to free the
Israelites
• he refused so the Lord sent a series of plagues to
change his mind and he did
• Moses then parted the Red Sea to escape and the
Pharaoh’s army was destroyed
• The Lord also spoke to Moses to give the Ten
Commandments, the center of Jewish Law.
Terms
• Canaan-the promised land;
the Israelite kingdom under
the rule of King David
• Jerusalem-capital city of
Canaan and the main center
for Jewish worship
• Sabbath-holy day of rest
• Patriarchal-fathers and
husbands hold great legal
and moral authority in
Jewish society
• Ethics-moral standards of
behavior
Judaism and Christianity Compared
1.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
The Messiah/Savior has not
come
Jesus is a teacher.
Torah
Hanukkah; Sukkoth
God is an indivisible entity
Actions and deeds as
primary
Jews do not recognize the
need for a savior as a way to
God.
Rabbis –synagogue
Passover-honor of their
deliverance from slavery
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Christ is the Messiah/Savior
and has come once and will
come again.
Jesus is part of the Trinity
and Savior.
Bible
Christmas; “Thanksgiving”not Christian but similar to
that of Sukkoth
God is the Trinity
Beliefs and the heart as
primary
Christians believe you must
be saved through Jesus to
be with God eternally
Pastors- Church
Easter-celebrates Christ’s
resurrection