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Download 1) Judaism
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Judaism is a set of beliefs and practices originating in the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) and is later further explored and explained in the Talmud and other texts. How Judaism Began • It is considered either the first or one of the first monotheistic religions, and is among the oldest religious traditions still being practiced today. Many of its texts and traditions are central to the other Abrahamic religions, with Jewish history and the principles and ethics of Judaism having influenced Christianity and Islam, as well as some non-Abrahamic religions. God revealed himself, and Abraham was so moved by this that he pledged to be faithful only to God and to teach his laws to the world. To mark the agreement (covenant), Abraham circumcised himself. • God Promised Abraham that his descendants would be as many as the stars and that they would inherit the Land Of Israel. What is a Covenant? • A covenant is a solid agreement between God and human beings. Usually, God gives a sign to show that he will keep His promise and the human beings do something important to show that they will keep their promises. What does Monotheistic mean? How the story goes is that before Abraham it was thought that there were many Gods. When God spoke to Abraham he believed that there was Only one true God The Basic Jewish Beliefs • • • • • • There is one, eternal God They believe they were chosen to receive God’s word (through the Torah). They believe that by looking at the Torah’s many meanings and living according to its laws, they can spread justice throughout the world. At the right time, the Messiah will come to bring the perfect world. An orthodox belief is that all good deeds will largely be granted in Heaven. Mitzvah: there are a total 620 commandments given in the Torah. The term mitzvah has come to express an act of human kindness. Where do Jewish people worship? • Synagogues are buildings where people gather to worship together. • Prayer and following God’s laws can be done anywhere and everywhere. Ones beliefs and life are not separate. Not all synagogues are as elaborate as the one on the left.