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Ch 1 Sec 3
Principles of Judaism
Ch 1 Sec 3
Principles of Judaism
Benchmark ques.
• Jewish and Christian beliefs differ from the
Greco-Roman tradition in matters concerning
the importance of
– A. the role of law
– B. individual mortality
– C. belief in one God
– D. the family unit
Ch 1 sec3
Principles of Judaism
1. Polytheistic
Belief in many Gods (Greeks, and early Romans)
2. Monotheistic
Belief in one God (Jews, Christians, Muslims)
3. Judaism
Monotheistic religion based on the teachings of the
4. Torah
Jewish holy text
• Also known as the Five Books of Moses and the Old Testament.
Vocabulary cont.
5. Covenant
A promise
6. Sabbath
A holy day for rest and worship
• (Sabado)
7. Prophet
Spiritual leader who God communicates through.
Abraham, Moses, “Jesus,” Muhammad, etc.
8. diasphora
The scattering of the Jews
9. Famine
Hunger, starvation
The Ancient Israelites
• Abraham migrated to Canaan, near the eastern
Mediterranean coast
• Abraham founded the Israelite nation
God’s Covenant with the Israelites
• The Israelites were monotheistic, meaning they
“believed in one God”.
• They believed God would protect & provide for
them as long as they followed God’s laws.
Teachings on Law and Morality
• The Torah established moral principles & set out
• The Ten Commandments became part of the
cultural foundation of Western civilization.
• Sabbath =‘s holy day for rest & worship (Friday
night to Saturday night)
The Scattering of the Jews
• Babylonian captivity of started the “Diaspora” or
scattering of the Jews.
• Due to Diaspora a new religion was created in
Judea, Christianity 30 AD – leader was Jesus Christ
• Some remained in Babylon & some migrated to
other parts of the Middle East & Mediterranean
!Very Important Info Below!
• The culture & religion of Judaism contributed to
the raise of the democratic concept,
“the rule of law”
Review Questions
This is a promise or binding agreement?
This is a holy day for rest & worship?
The Israelite who led his people out of Egypt?
The event that scattered the Jewish people?
He was the spiritual leader who interprets
God’s will?
6. What set the Jews apart from other people in
the Roman empire & Egypt?
7. Who first migrated w/ his family to Canaan &
there founded the Israelite nation?
8. What is the sacred text of the Jews known as?
9. How did the religious beliefs of the Israelites
differ from those of the ancient peoples?
10. Which religion was begun by a Jewish group
after the diasporta?
11. To what democratic concept did Judaism
contribute to the world?
3 pts each
1. Covenant
2. Sabbath
3. Moses
4. Diaspora
5. Prophet
6. They prayed to a single God/ monotheism
7. Abraham
8. Torah
9. People are free to make moral choices/ free will
11. the concept of the “rule of law”