Oral Tradition in the Writings of Rabbinic Oral Torah
... of the extant Tosefta to whatever might have been called by that name in
Late Antiquity remains a topic of ongoing debate.4 In any event, the
Mishnah and the Tosefta together constitute primary sources for the content
of Rabbinic legal tradition as of the mid-third century CE.
A rather different gen ...
From Torah im Derekh Eretz to Torah U-Madda
... Jews faced a similar allure of cultural and intellectual assimilation.
Yet despite the many parallels between Hirsch’s milieu and that
of modern America, his legacy remains rather ambiguous among
those whose lifestyle and religious hashkafa (worldview) most
closely mimic Hirsch’s ideology—Modern Ort ...
Milton Steinberg, American Rabbi—Thoughts on his Centenary
... the Reconstructionist movement.
It is obvious that Kaplan, already the exponent of a fully considered
system of thought, widely read in the classics of modern philosophy and
sociology, should have deeply impressed the young seminarian, Steinberg, twenty years his junior. But there was, I think, alwa ...
Nathan Glazer`s American Judaism
... books occupied a preeminent position in the academic and popular study
of religion. The University of Chicago scholar of religion Martin Marty,
who has taught American religious history since the early 1960s, calls
Glazer’s book ‘‘the most ‘used’ semi-popular book on American Judaism
in its time.’’1 ...
Revelation and Tradition as Religious Categories in
... the faithful simply accept, the historian is not bound to accept
fictions that veil more than they reveal concerning the origins of
the accepted faith. Thus, tradition as a special aspect of revelation
is historically a product of the process that formed rabbinic
Judaism between the fourth or third ...
Rambam`s Historical Approach to the Laws of Conversion By Juan
... The importance of the rambam’s support lies not only in his weight as a halakhic
authority in his own right, but also because rabbi yosef Karo’s Shulhan Arukh quotes
his opinion almost verbatim,4 thus canonizing it -in the eyes of many- as the final word
in halakhah. The view of the rambam, although ...
... each engaged in this very same internal process of self-reflection, and each acknowledging the
gifts of G-d, we give energy to each other and to the process itself.
It is for this reason, too, that Jewish communities all throughout history have placed such an
emphasis on building beautiful synagogue ...
... sleep and after the elimination of bodily wastes, also after being in
proximity to a dead human body . Apart from ritual purification, the
Jewish people have always regarded bathing and physical cleanliness
as implicitly important because, as Hillel taught, the human body reflects the divine image o ...
Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson
... is treif, the whole world is treif, nothing is kosher—so the American Jew
cannot live with that,” he said.16
The Rebbe, on the other hand, held the very deep conviction, initially
articulated by his father-in-law, the Sixth Rebbe, that “America is no different,”17 and the United States—which at the ...
Judaism 101: A Brief Introduction to Judaism
... man-made laws of the Talmud Bavli. The Muslims granted Anan and his followers the freedom
to practice Judaism as their ancestors had practiced it. Anan was not a Karaite but he did reject
the Talmud. His followers became known as Ananites and this group continued to exist until the
tenth-century. A ...
Why Study Talmud in the Twenty-first Century?
... Talmud can also help alleviate the problems presented by rabbinic statements
that are oﬀensive to women and other groups. Judith Baskin, among others,
deals with this dehumanizing of women by recognizing that Talmud also contains, even if only in minority opinions, female voices as well as teachings ...
Karaite Judaism Brief History Karaite Judaism truly began with the
... Karaite Judaism is the original form of Judaism as it is shown throughout the Tanakh from
the time of the Revelation beginning at Har Sinai. Karaites (in Hebrew – B’nei Miqra) means
“Followers of the Miqra (Scriptures)” and are a sect of Judaism that believes only in the
authority of the Tanakh.
Judaism`s Strange Gods
... "Reform" branch of the synagogue because they do not accord
the Talmud the supreme authority which Judaism does. Liberal
"Reform" synagogues stand in the same relationship with
Judaism as Unitarians who deny the Resurrection of Christ do
with regard to Christianity: both represent a fundamental
The social setting of the Matthean Abstract David C Sim
... depending upon where one places the emphasis. Sociological studies of sectarian groups
and their use of polemical language, which have correctly been applied to the Matthean
community, have revealed that such groups show, on the one hand, distance from the
parent body, and, on the other hand, closen ...
File - Alan Karam
... All you need is good judgment when buying foods at the stores. According to the 2000 National
JC Relations - Jewish
... Despite the appeal of a purely textual approach, dialogue is an activity that is carried out between
people, and in our case, between faith communities. Even if the subject matter of the dialogue is the
religious system, the impetus for the dialogue, as well as its immediate significance, stem from
A RABBI LOOKS AT JESUS
... the tendency to put the letter before the Spirit.
One other consideration deserves mention. A number of Yeshua's comments
indicate that he interacted with the discussion between the schools of Hillel and
Shammai, and therefore would be in conflict with one or the other. For example,
the stat ...
One who greets his teacher . . . causes the Shekhinah to
... Palestinian etiquette in Babylonian sources
While the Babylonian Talmud, as we have seen above incorporates materials
reflecting the social practice of avoidance it incorporates even more "Palestinian"
material which evidences the "Engagement" etiquette characteristic of the Land of
Israel.15 The Ba ...
Border Lines, Daniel Boyarin
... Throughout the rabbinic period, Boyarin contends there is evidence of a vital form of Judaism
that was not only extra-rabbinic but which the Rabbis explicitly named as a heresy - the belief in
‘Two Powers in Heaven,’ or in our terms, Logos theology. 2 Most Jews possibly resisted Justin’s
efforts to ...
Misinterpreting Rabbi Judah Ha-Levi
... God loves; God gives Jews special attention and even unearned assistance. Only Jews receive prophecy, which is an exclusive valuable
gift from God, expressing his love for the Jews. Jews are smarter and
more virtuous; they, and only they, with perhaps a few exceptions,
are granted life after death.
*TRADITION, JUDAISM, AND THE JEWISH RELIGIONƒ *IN
... they do, they mean Torah and ”masoret•. In other words, all the
terms are basically identical although they do evoke somewhat
different images. But Tradition, we must recall, is that which is
handed down or transmitted from the past or what is believed to
have been from the past. Therefore, it is en ...
KS2 Judaism The Synagogue
... Synagogues are much more than places of worship. They are central to Jewish community life (the word synagogue literally means ‘to gather
together’). In addition to the room used for worship, synagogues will usually contain other rooms for community events, meetings and study.
Essentially, synagogue ...
Great World Religions: Judaism
... Common to these attempts to represent the essence of Judaism is the wish not
to go beyond the biblical text itself, by enunciating a more comprehensive and
detailed creed. Nevertheless, Judaism has been subjected to a wide variety of
post-biblical attempts at isolating what was considered to represe ...
Hellenism in Jewish Babylonia - Near Eastern Studies, UC Berkeley.
... in part to the story of the alleged School of the Persians at Edessa as
the origin for the School of Nisibis.25 The new institution and the new
form of study as well as the new text all hang together on this theory.
The hypothesization of the crucial role of the late redactors, these anonymous “Stam ...
The Making of the Mishnah and the Talmud
... in the di¥cult years after the revolt, when the support of the am ha-aretz (people at large) was so
important, they appealed to the divine origin and nature of the oral law on a few occasions. Only
in amoraic times was the full midrashic basis for these ideas worked out by the rabbis who asserted
Conservative Judaism is a modern stream of the Reform movement in Judaism, which views Religious Law (Halakha) as binding, yet also regards it as subject to historical development. The movement regards its approach to Jewish Law as the authentic and traditional one, disavowing both what it considers the excesses of Reform Judaism and the stringency of Orthodoxy. Reconstructionist Judaism is an offshoot of Conservative Judaism. Conservative Judaism views itself as a continuation of the Positive-Historical School led by Rabbi Zacharias Frankel in mid-19th Century Germany. While at first close to the pioneers of Reform Judaism, he broke with the movement which he perceived as too radical. In America, the term 'Conservative' came to denote the group centered around the JTS, which coalesced after the publication of the 1885 Pittsburgh Platform. While a common label from then onward, symbolizing relative traditionalism, JTS-affiliated communities and rabbinic organizations became a wholly independent denomination only in the postwar years, after a long process of separation from the moderate, Americanized wing of Orthodox Judaism.In many countries outside the United States and Canada, including Israel, Germany and the UK, it is today known as Masorti Movement (Hebrew for ""Traditional""). While it resembles the conservative branch of the Reform movement in Judaism, it should not be confused with the large part of Israeli Jews (25% to 50% depending on definitions) who define themselves as ""masorati"" (or Shomer Masoret)—meaning religiously ""traditional""—and support (Modern) Orthodoxy as the mainstream Judaism.In the United States and Canada, the term Conservative, as applied, does not always indicate that a congregation is affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism, the movement's central institution and the one to which the term, without qualifier, usually refers. Rather, it is sometimes employed by unaffiliated Ashkenazi groups to indicate a range of beliefs and practices more liberal than is affirmed by the Orthodox or Modern Orthodox, and more traditional than the more liberal Reform and Reconstructionist Judaism. In Canada, several congregations belong to the Canadian Council of Conservative Synagogues instead of the United Synagogue. The moniker Conservadox is sometimes employed to refer to the right wing of the Conservative spectrum, although ""Traditional"" is used as well (as in the Union for Traditional Judaism). Both Conservative/Masorti and Reform/Liberal rabbinical assemblies are installing women in highest leadership assignments and ordain female, as well as male, rabbis.