* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Download PSY 216 Test #7 Chapter 7 Study Guide
Document related concepts
PSY 216 Test #7 Chapter 7 Study Guide What did Goldberg find about women’s belief that an article was better written if a male vs. a female wrote it? What is Aronson’s definition of prejudice? What are the characteristics of a stereotype? Be able to recognize examples of stereotypical thinking. Be able to generalize from Bodenhausen and Wyer’s research to an example of recommendations for parole. What did Steele and Aronson find regarding stereotype threat and differences between black and white students on the GRE when told the test measured or didn’t measure their intellectual ability? What is stereotype threat? What is attribution theory focused on doing? What is the ultimate attribution error (hint: it’s similar to the fundamental attribution error)? Be able to apply this concept to a situation. What is Pettigrew’s ultimate attribution error? What did Turner and Pratkanis find regarding female employees’ belief they were hired based on gender vs. based on merit and the effort they put into their work? Be able to apply this knowledge to an example. What is blaming the victim? Be able to recognize an example of this. What is the concept of the world as a “just place”? What is hindsight bias? Be able to recognize an example of this. What did Word find when whites interviewed minorities for a job? What is the self-fulfilling prophecy? What did Snyder find about openmindedness, expectations, and self-fulfilling prophecy? What did Frey and Gaertner find regarding subtle racism and the helping behavior of whites toward a black individual? What is Aronson’s conclusion about stereotyping and prejudice? (hint: see the bottom of p. 260). What does Aronson identify as the 5 basic causes of prejudice? How did the view Americans had of Chinese change during the 19th century? How does this relate to stereotypes? What relationship did Sherif find between increase and decrease of intergroup hostility and competitive vs. cooperative activities? What is scapegoating? What did Hovland and Sears find regarding the increase in lynchings when the price of cotton declined? What concept is this an example of? What are the characteristics of an “authoritarian personality”? Be able to recognize an example of prejudice through conformity. What does our text cite as the most effective strategy to change deeply rooted attitudes and behavior such as prejudice? What is the “psychology of inevitability”? What did Pettigrew find in the early years of school desegregation? What does Aronson argue is the most effective way to reduce prejudice as it relates to segregation? How did Sherif reduce the tension in the camp between the Eagles and the Rattlers? What is mutual interdependence? What is the major feature of the jigsaw groups that is believed to account for their success in reducing the negative effects of prejudice? What does research show about what develops when children cooperate with each other in interdependent classroom situations? Video questions: On the video, “A Class Divided,” what was the teacher, Jane Elliott, trying to accomplish by putting her 3rd graders through these 2 days? On the video, the teacher and students discriminated based upon what characteristic?