Hoarding Fact Sheet - International OCD Foundation
... • Strong beliefs that items are “valuable” or “useful”, even when other people do not want them
• Feeling responsible for objects and sometimes thinking of inanimate objects as having feelings
• Denial of a problem even when the clutter or acquiring clearly interferes with a person’s life
Who strugg ...
The Effects of Nonverbal Reinforcement on Questionnaire Responses
... were no significant effects, so the hypothesis wasn't supported. The difference between
the relevant group means was statistically insignificant. This study was interesting in that
it did not find any of the results expected. In fact, the girls seemed to be effected more by
nonverbal reinforcement t ...
General Psychology – PSY2012 Learning Objectives by Chapter
... How is compliance defined, and what are four common ways to gain the compliance of another?
What factors make obedience more likely?
What are the three components of an attitude, how are attitudes formed, and how can attitudes be
How do people react when attitudes and behavior are not the s ...
Chapter 5 Karen Horney
... – Compliant type: individuals who cope with feelings of basic anxiety by
indiscriminately seeking the approval and affection of others through
excessive conformity; such individuals move toward people, a trend that
protects them against basic anxiety by self-effacement and obliteration
– Aggressive ...
Chapter 10 - Kellogg Community College
... focused inward
– Extrovert: Bold, outgoing person whose attention is
• Self-Concept: Your ideas, perceptions, and feelings
about who you are
• Self-Esteem: How we evaluate ourselves; a positive selfevaluation of ourselves
– Low Self-esteem: A negative self-evaluation
1st Semester Final Exam "Cliff Notes" Review Sheet (Units 1-7)
... Why aren’t intuition and common sense enough to provide information about people’s thoughts and behaviors?
What are hindsight and overconfidence?
4-2 Scientific attitude and critical thinking
What are 3 main components of the scientific attitude?
Who is James Randi?
What is critical thinking?
... Skinner’s views
– Conditioning and response tendencies
– Environmental determinism
– Social leaning theory
AP PSYCHOLOGY COURSE SYLLABUS
... AP Psychology is a college level class the purpose of which is to “introduce students to the systematic and
scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of human beings and other animals. Students are
exposed to the psychological facts, principles and phenomena with each of the major subfie ...
The Social Cognitive Approach (AKA Social Learning Theory)
... Purpose is to learn what traits makeup personality + how they relate to actual
Trait = stable + enduring qualities that a person shows in most situations.
To be considered a personality trait it must be typical of your behavior
Introverts and extroverts are examples trait knowledge
Allows u ...
Personality Term Explanation Application/Example
... Examples of adult oral fixation would be adults who obsessively or
unconsciously smoke, eat, chew gum, bite fingernails, etc. This is
classified as fixation and not boredom because people who are orally
fixated are unaware (remember it is occurring within the unconscious) that
they are chewing on so ...
Personality and Its Assessment
... Helps us answer existential questions: Why am I
here? What is the meaning of life?
Culture creates stories and traditions that gives
us a sense of being part of an enduring legacy;
that life extends beyond death.
Beliefs give us a sense of order, meaning and
context that soothes our fear of death.
Personality and Its Assessment
... Rogers viewed personality in terms of
one construct: the self.
Self-concept: collection of beliefs about
one’s own nature, unique qualities and
Incongruence: degree of disparity
between one’s self-concept and one’s
Prologue: Psych`s Roots
... MD does that
But this is changing as Ph.D. psych’s push for the
licensing to Rx for psych disorders
Several states now allow this, though most do NOT
... – It can also be seen in
our thoughts, feelings,
close relationships and
Personality traits - Okemos Public Schools
... Theory: “When you tell a story about a person in the drawing, you probably
identify with the person and so the story is really about yourself.”
Likely to describe things you would not discuss openly
Theories of personality
... As part of an experiment on learning, you are told to administer
an electric shock to another participant every time that
participant misremembers a series of words. As the
experiment proceeds, the amount of electricity you are
administering rises. You started at 15 volts, but the
switchboard goes u ...
Social Development - University of Alberta
... Reciprocal determinism: we act as a stimulus
on the social environment and the
environment, in turn, acts on us
attractive, socially adept child is well received
and valued by peers, which in turn increases
self-esteem and self-efficacy, which makes
him more well liked
reverse also true
... Views personality structure in terms of one construct:
The Cognitive Approach
... through empirical research findings.
– It fits well with the current “cognitive Zeitgeist” in psychology
– It informs the various cognitive/behavioral therapy techniques that have
been developed in recent decades.
– Some of its concepts are too abstract, and many are not clearly
George Herbert Mead
... “The ‘I’ is the response of the organism to the attitudes of the others; the ‘me’ is the
organized set of attitudes of others which one himself assumes” (380a3).
I as subject. Me as object.
Oscillations and vacillations of the self. Dancing in the nude … sudden selfconsciousness. Being caught up in ...
Possible negative consequences from
emphasis on self-fulfillment (e.g., self
indulgent and self absorbed)
Does drive for self-actualization really exist?
In social psychology, construals are how individuals perceive, comprehend, and interpret the world around them, particularly the behavior or action of others towards themselves. Researchers and theorists within virtually every sub-discipline of psychology have acknowledged the relevance of a subjective construal, especially with regards to the concepts of the false consensus effect and the fundamental attribution error. There is a difference between self-construal and construal in a social atmosphere. While self-construal is a perception of the self, the latter is a perception of one's surroundings. Construal plays a crucial role in situations ""whenever people are obliged to venture beyond the information immediately provided by the direct observation or secondhand report of a stimulus event, in particular whenever they are obliged to infer additional details of content, context, or meaning in the actions and outcomes that unfold around them."" In other words, a person is most likely to use construal when he or she lacks the knowledge to correctly deal with a given situation.