... Wrote a famous textbook “Principles of Psychology.”
Psychology - Elyria Catholic High School
... – How do nature and nurture affect personality,
temperament, and relationships?
– How does maturation affect personality, temperament,
– How do humans adjust to life’s stages and demands?
AP Psych Chapter 1 notes
... or “like a girl:
Social psychologists might explain differences as a function of cultural restraints
against aggressive behavior in women.
Explanations become theories about the causes of sex differences in aggression
Each theory allows us to make a number of new hypotheses or predictions about
Psychology - HGunnWikiMHS
... • Read the one you get and consider how you
would answer that question: Why would
someone do that? Think that? Live that way?
• Trade with someone near you and read this one.
• Get up and find someone new, and trade with
• Repeat five times; move around the room.
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES: PERCEPTION
... Social Perception
How we gather information about the
social world--about peoples’ behavior,
moods, motives, and traits
Similar to object perception, but
People are more dynamic than objects
We’re trying to figure out intentions,
motives, and causes of behavior
How to write and AP Psych Essay
... A full one-third of the score for the AP Psychology Exam is comprised of just two
essay questions. But writing an essay for a psychology exam is a different
exercise than writing an essay for an English exam. The basic fundamentals of
writing still persist -- good paragraph form and sentence structu ...
... Typed in a paper fully answering each question and
detailing each step. The paper should be at least 3-5 pages
long. Double spaced. E-mail me a picture I can then show
the class. Also a video would be fun to show everyone. Let
me know a date you would like to present it. This would add
to the scor ...
The Humanistic Approach to Personality
... • Emphasizes that people have different
perceived realities, strive toward selfactualization, and should be given
unconditional positive regard
Possible negative consequences from
emphasis on self-fulfillment (e.g., self
indulgent and self absorbed)
Does drive for self-actualization really exist?
George Herbert Mead
... “The ‘I’ is the response of the organism to the attitudes of the others; the ‘me’ is the
organized set of attitudes of others which one himself assumes” (380a3).
I as subject. Me as object.
Oscillations and vacillations of the self. Dancing in the nude … sudden selfconsciousness. Being caught up in ...
The Cognitive Approach
... through empirical research findings.
– It fits well with the current “cognitive Zeitgeist” in psychology
– It informs the various cognitive/behavioral therapy techniques that have
been developed in recent decades.
– Some of its concepts are too abstract, and many are not clearly
... Views personality structure in terms of one construct:
Social Development - University of Alberta
... Reciprocal determinism: we act as a stimulus
on the social environment and the
environment, in turn, acts on us
attractive, socially adept child is well received
and valued by peers, which in turn increases
self-esteem and self-efficacy, which makes
him more well liked
reverse also true
Theories of personality
... As part of an experiment on learning, you are told to administer
an electric shock to another participant every time that
participant misremembers a series of words. As the
experiment proceeds, the amount of electricity you are
administering rises. You started at 15 volts, but the
switchboard goes u ...
Personality traits - Okemos Public Schools
... Theory: “When you tell a story about a person in the drawing, you probably
identify with the person and so the story is really about yourself.”
Likely to describe things you would not discuss openly
... – It can also be seen in
our thoughts, feelings,
close relationships and
Prologue: Psych`s Roots
... MD does that
But this is changing as Ph.D. psych’s push for the
licensing to Rx for psych disorders
Several states now allow this, though most do NOT
Personality and Its Assessment
... Rogers viewed personality in terms of
one construct: the self.
Self-concept: collection of beliefs about
one’s own nature, unique qualities and
Incongruence: degree of disparity
between one’s self-concept and one’s
Personality and Its Assessment
... Helps us answer existential questions: Why am I
here? What is the meaning of life?
Culture creates stories and traditions that gives
us a sense of being part of an enduring legacy;
that life extends beyond death.
Beliefs give us a sense of order, meaning and
context that soothes our fear of death.
Personality Term Explanation Application/Example
... Examples of adult oral fixation would be adults who obsessively or
unconsciously smoke, eat, chew gum, bite fingernails, etc. This is
classified as fixation and not boredom because people who are orally
fixated are unaware (remember it is occurring within the unconscious) that
they are chewing on so ...
The Social Cognitive Approach (AKA Social Learning Theory)
... Purpose is to learn what traits makeup personality + how they relate to actual
Trait = stable + enduring qualities that a person shows in most situations.
To be considered a personality trait it must be typical of your behavior
Introverts and extroverts are examples trait knowledge
Allows u ...
AP PSYCHOLOGY COURSE SYLLABUS
... AP Psychology is a college level class the purpose of which is to “introduce students to the systematic and
scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of human beings and other animals. Students are
exposed to the psychological facts, principles and phenomena with each of the major subfie ...
In social psychology, construals are how individuals perceive, comprehend, and interpret the world around them, particularly the behavior or action of others towards themselves. Researchers and theorists within virtually every sub-discipline of psychology have acknowledged the relevance of a subjective construal, especially with regards to the concepts of the false consensus effect and the fundamental attribution error. There is a difference between self-construal and construal in a social atmosphere. While self-construal is a perception of the self, the latter is a perception of one's surroundings. Construal plays a crucial role in situations ""whenever people are obliged to venture beyond the information immediately provided by the direct observation or secondhand report of a stimulus event, in particular whenever they are obliged to infer additional details of content, context, or meaning in the actions and outcomes that unfold around them."" In other words, a person is most likely to use construal when he or she lacks the knowledge to correctly deal with a given situation.