Download 12. Infinitive Phrase Practice

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Transcript
Name: __________________________
Date: ________________________
Infinitive Practice
An infinitive is a type of verbal.
•
•
It is always to + a verb.
Because it is a verbal, it does not function as a verb within a sentence; instead, it
functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb.
An infinitive is not a prepositional phrase.


To + Noun or Pronoun = Prepositional Phrase
To + Verb = Infinitive Phrase
Infinitive Phrase = to + verb + all of its accompaniments
Like a verb, an infinitive



Can be modified by an adverb or a prepositional phrase
Can have a direct object
May have an indirect object
Uses of the Infinitive
•
Noun: Alyss wants to stay with her mother.
•
Noun: To get revenge is Redd’s motivation.
•
Adverb: Hatter dashes through the looking glass to save
Alyss from Redd.
•
Adjective: Wonderland values the ability to imagine.
Break It Down
To get revenge is Redd’s motivation.
Mark It Up
To get revenge is Redd’s motivation.
86
Name: __________________________
Date: ________________________
Practice Sentence 1
Write the unscrambled sentence. Then, follow your teacher’s additional instructions.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
Write an imitation of the previous sentence.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Practice Sentence 2
Write the unscrambled sentence. Then, follow your teacher’s additional instructions.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
Write an imitation of the previous sentence.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
87
Name: __________________________
Date: ________________________
Practice Sentence 3
Write the unscrambled sentence. Then, follow your teacher’s additional instructions.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Write an imitation of the previous sentence.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Practice Sentence 4
Write the unscrambled sentence. Then, follow your teacher’s additional instructions.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
88
Name: __________________________
Date: ________________________
Write an imitation of the previous sentence.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
89
Name: _____________________
Date: ____________________
Infinitive Additional Practice
An infinitive is a type of verbal.
•
•
It is always to + a verb.
Because it is a verbal, it does not function as a verb within a sentence; instead, it
functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb.
An infinitive is not a prepositional phrase.


To + Noun or Pronoun = Prepositional Phrase
To + Verb = Infinitive Phrase
Infinitive Phrase = to + verb + all of its accompaniments
Like a verb, an infinitive



Can be modified by an adverb or a prepositional phrase
Can have a direct object
May have an indirect object
Uses of the Infinitive
•
Noun: Alyss wants to stay with her mother.
•
Noun: To get revenge is Redd’s motivation.
•
Adverb: Hatter dashes through the looking glass to save
Alyss from Redd.
•
Adjective: Wonderland values the ability to imagine.
Directions: Complete the following practice with gerund phrases.
Sentence 1
Break It Down: Identify the part of speech for each word in the sentence. Use the following
abbreviations:
N
Noun
V
ADJ
ADV
Verb Adjective Adverb
PREP
PN
Preposition Pronoun
I
Interjection
C
Conjunction
One has to study law and government and ethics and morality.
Mark It Up: Underline the infinitive phrase. Put [brackets] around the infinitive. Using the
above abbreviations, identify its function within the sentence.
One has to study law and government and ethics and morality.
90
Name: _____________________
Date: ____________________
Imitation of the previous sentence:
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Sentence 2
Break It Down: Identify the part of speech for each word in the sentence. Use the previous
abbreviations:
The maze must be successfully navigated by the would-be queen if she is to reach her
imagination’s full potential and thus be fit to rule.
Mark It Up: Underline the infinitive phrase. Put [brackets] around the infinitive. Using the
above abbreviations, identify its function within the sentence.
The maze must be successfully navigated by the would-be queen if she is to reach her
imagination’s full potential and thus be fit to rule.
Imitation of the previous sentence:
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Sentence 3
Break It Down: Identify the part of speech for each word in the sentence. Use the previous
abbreviations:
“It is indeed a special day when a caterpillar comes all the way from the Valley of Mushrooms
to partake in the celebration,” Bibwit Harte murmured.
91
Name: _____________________
Date: ____________________
Mark It Up: Underline the infinitive phrase. Put [brackets] around the infinitive. Using the
above abbreviations, identify its function within the sentence.
“It is indeed a special day when a caterpillar comes all the way from the Valley of Mushrooms
to partake in the celebration,” Bibwit Harte murmured.
Imitation of the previous sentence:
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Sentence 4
Break It Down: Identify the part of speech for each word in the sentence. Use the previous
abbreviations:
Alyss noticed Bibwit standing at the library doors and decided to have a little fun.
Mark It Up: Underline the infinitive phrase. Put [brackets] around the infinitive. Using the
above abbreviations, identify its function within the sentence.
Alyss noticed Bibwit standing at the library doors and decided to have a little fun.
Imitation of the previous sentence:
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Sentence 5
Break It Down: Identify the part of speech for each word in the sentence. Use the previous
abbreviations:
“It’s never too soon for a future queen to become familiar with the uglier contingencies of
ruling a land,” he said to himself.
92
Name: _____________________
Date: ____________________
Mark It Up: Underline the infinitive phrase. Put [brackets] around the infinitive. Using the
above abbreviations, identify its function within the sentence.
“It’s never too soon for a future queen to become familiar with the uglier contingencies of
ruling a land,” he said to himself.
Imitation of the previous sentence:
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Sentence 6
Break It Down: Identify the part of speech for each word in the sentence. Use the previous
abbreviations:
To get her revenge, Redd plans to kill her sister and to seize control of Wonderland.
Mark It Up: Underline the infinitive phrase. Put [brackets] around the infinitive. Using the
above abbreviations, identify its function within the sentence.
To get her revenge, Redd plans to kill her sister and to seize control of Wonderland.
Imitation of the previous sentence:
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
93
Infinitive Additional Practice Key
Sentence 1
Break It Down: Identify the part of speech for each word in the sentence. Use the following
abbreviations:
PN V
INFINITIVE N
C
N
C
N
C
N
One has to study law and government and ethics and morality.
Mark It Up: Underline the infinitive phrase. Put [brackets] around the infinitive. Using the
above abbreviations, identify its function within the sentence.
N
One has [to study] law and government and ethics and morality.
Imitation of the previous sentence: Answers will vary.
Sentence 2
Break It Down: Identify the part of speech for each word in the sentence. Use the previous
abbreviations:
ADJ N
V
V
ADV
V
PREP ADJ ADJ
N
C PN V INFINITIVE PN
The maze must be successfully navigated by the would-be queen if she is to reach her
imagination’s full potential and thus be fit to rule.
N
ADJ
N
C
ADV V ADJ INFINITIVE
Mark It Up: Underline the infinitive phrase. Put [brackets] around the infinitive. Using the
above abbreviations, identify its function within the sentence.
ADJ
The maze must be successfully navigated by the would-be queen if she is [to reach] her
imagination’s full potential and thus be fit [to rule].
ADJ
Imitation of the previous sentence: Answers will vary.
Sentence 3
Break It Down: Identify the part of speech for each word in the sentence. Use the previous
abbreviations:
PN V ADV ADJ ADJ N
C
ADJ N
V
ADV
PREP ADJ
N
“It is indeed a special day when a caterpillar comes all the way from the Valley of Mushrooms
94
to partake in the celebration,” Bibwit Harte murmured.
INFINITIVE PREP ADJ
N
N
V
Mark It Up: Underline the infinitive phrase. Put [brackets] around the infinitive. Using the
above abbreviations, identify its function within the sentence.
“It is indeed a special day when a caterpillar comes all the way from the Valley of Mushrooms
[to partake] in the celebration,” Bibwit Harte murmured.
ADV
Imitation of the previous sentence: Answers will vary.
Sentence 4
Break It Down: Identify the part of speech for each word in the sentence. Use the previous
abbreviations:
N
V
N
ADJ
PREP ADJ ADJ N
C
V
INFINIFIVE ADJ ADJ N
Alyss noticed Bibwit standing at the library doors and decided to have a little fun.
Mark It Up: Underline the infinitive phrase. Put [brackets] around the infinitive. Using the
above abbreviations, identify its function within the sentence.
Alyss noticed Bibwit standing at the library doors and decided [to have] a little fun.
N
Imitation of the previous sentence: Answers will vary.
Sentence 5
Break It Down: Identify the part of speech for each word in the sentence. Use the previous
abbreviations:
PN V ADV ADV ADJ PREP ADJ ADJ N INFINITIVE ADJ
PREP ADJ ADJ N
PREP
“It’s never too soon for a future queen to become familiar with the uglier contingencies of
ruling a land,” he said to himself.
N
ADJ N
PN V PREP PN
Mark It Up: Underline the infinitive phrase. Put [brackets] around the infinitive. Using the
above abbreviations, identify its function within the sentence.
ADJ
“It’s never too soon for a future queen [to become] familiar with the uglier contingencies of
ruling a land,” he said to himself.
Imitation of the previous sentence: Answers will vary.
95
Sentence 6
Break It Down: Identify the part of speech for each word in the sentence. Use the previous
abbreviations:
INFINITIVE PN N
N
V INFINITIVE PN N C INFINITIVE N PREP N
To get her revenge, Redd plans to kill her sister and to seize control of Wonderland.
Mark It Up: Underline the infinitive phrase. Put [brackets] around the infinitive. Using the
above abbreviations, identify its function within the sentence.
[To get] her revenge, Redd plans [to kill] her sister and [to seize] control of Wonderland.
Imitation of the previous sentence: Answers will vary.
96