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Transcript
ETHICS VS. MORALITY
•
is the final goal or aim of what we are doing
•
is about how we achieve that goal or what we are going to do to get there
• Essentially, it’s the ends vs. the means
HINDUISM
HINDUISM BASIC FACTS
History:
Founder:
Deities:
Sacred Books:
Place of Worship:
MORALITY IN HINDUISM - DHARMA AND KARMA
• Two main thoughts which inform moral thought and action are
.
DHARMA is responsible for
and is all about acting
properly
• Dharma can include
,
,
,
,
and
.
• Dharma can be influenced by your
, your
and your
.
• KARMA is essentially a
.
• Positive actions = Positive Effect
• Negative actions = Negative Effect
• Karma is generated when
AHIMSA
• Ahimsa (
) is a way in which one can create
positive karma
• The idea behind ahimsa is that all beings are
, so any action that harms another being,
BUDDHISM
BUDDHISM BASIC FACTS
History:
Founder:
Deities:
Sacred Books:
Place of Worship:
MORALITY IN BUDDHISM
• Much like in Hinduism, karma is one of the fundamental principles of moral thought and action
in Buddhism
• Until a period known as
, one’s actions in life will determine future
rebirths
• The
are another principle of moral thought and action. Its
purpose is to help realize the call to enlightenment
• The
is often misinterpreted as guidelines for correct
behaviour (Better translation is skillful behaviour)
THE 8-FOLD PATH
A. RIGHT VIEW
1.
 Must understand that life is
and the illusion of a
separate/individual self influences dissatisfaction in life.
2.
 Avoid states of mind that give rise to
 Actively have
and wishes for another.
B. RIGHT CONDUCT
3.
 Wrong speech incl.
 Focus on engaging in speech that is kind and compassionate.
4.
 Wrong actions incl.
 We are asked to act with
5.
 This involves trying to achieve a life that
time, attempts to help
and at the same
C. RIGHT PRACTICE
6.
 Following Buddha’s teachings is difficult and does require effort, but it does not
need to be a struggle.
 When wrong thoughts or speech occur, simply let them go.
 The solution is to create a
7.
 Being mindful is being aware of one’s
,
and
so you are not controlled by them
 It is an awareness of nature and the way it operates
8.

and direct the mind towards
positive actions
 Use
to help seek insight and tranquility
ISLAM
ISLAM BASIC FACTS
History:
Founder:
Deities:
Sacred Books:
Place of Worship:
MORALITY IN ISLAM
• Moral system originates from its belief in God who
creates and sustains the Universe
• The purpose of life is to
and live in life
in harmony with the will of God, to
.
• They use the
and the
as a
guide.
• Moral goodness is based on a true and sincere faith in God
• A strong relationship with God is the key to virtue and good conduct, and knows our true
intentions even in the depths of our heart
• An awareness of God and his judgement allows man to be more moral not only in conduct,
but also intentions.
MORALITY OF INDIVIDUALS AND SOCIETY
• Individuals are expected to possess characteristics of
• Other qualities expected are
•
is one of the most commendable acts in Islam (an annual charity
provision is one of the pillars of Islam)
• Whatever leads to the
of the individual or society is
• Whatever leads to the
of the individual or society is
• Muslims are called to be morally healthy as individuals, but must also contribute to the moral
health of the society through their actions
CONCLUSION
• Virtually all world religions have similar ideals of
,
and making their individuals better human beings that want to achieve the ‘GOOD’
• All religions agree that there is a need to control an
that leads
to trouble, and teaches ways of reaching a