Engaging Socrates by Joel Alden Schlosser
... themselves, Socrates also stands at the beginning of the Western tradition of political
thought,14 and his figure has elicited contestation about the very place and function of
political thinking and political philosophy in the practice of politics and political life today.
As Cicero writes in his T ...
aiming at virtue in plato
... It is well known that the ethics of Plato and Aristotle do not offer us
determining principles.7 We look in vain in their writings for particular
moral rules, containing only non-evaluative terms, that determine which
actions are virtuous and which vicious. Indeed, for many contemporary
scholars, it ...
The Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Truth about Morality
... it? Presumably not. If, somehow, the whole community were to decide that
torturing cats is okay, this activity would, by the lights of most people, still be
wrong. In answering these questions in the negative, one expresses an implicit
theory concerning the metaphysics of morals. Moral claims, some ...
Moral Beauty as An Overriding Imperative in
... conceptualization of Moral Righteousness as an espousal of both individual goodness
and societal goodness debunks this tension.
In chapter two, I start by arguing against Situationism before I propose a new way of
defining Situationism based on Confucian texts. I then proceed to explicate
Enhancing Moral Conformity and Enhancing Moral Worth
... history’s greatest atrocities—ranging from the First
World War to the Final Solution to the Cultural Revolution—were made possible by the ordinary moral failures of ordinary people [1–3].
It is plausible that we have reasons to correct our
moral failures, bringing it about that we better conform to ...
Kierkegaard`s Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations
... usually designated virtues. In due course I will consider the
relation of moral obligations to some of the other dimensions of
the ethical life, since there are important connections between
obligations and such topics as the good, for example. Nonetheless, moral obligations are themselves a signifi ...
European Philosophy and the Kabbalah
... (mode of Extension). Yet, we should be careful to distinguish the different sources for these two
features of the mind-body parallelism. The overlapping of the two general doctrines of Ideas-Things
Parallelism and Inter-Attributes Parallelism in the relation between minds and bodies explains the
socrates the cosmopolitan
... Socratic virtue is the sort of expertise which the Athenian assembly rejects; it requires
knowledge of what is good and bad (especially for the soul), not the skills that bring
conventional power. This subtle rejection of ordinary politics in the Protagoras appears more
bluntly in the Gorgias, where ...
Rationalism, Sentimentalism, and Ralph Cudworth
... then—according to Cudworth’s TEIM—that mental item must originate in some
non-rational part of our constitution. So for Cudworth’s TEIM, moral rationalism is the view that we grasp morality through our understanding of necessary
propositions, and moral sentimentalism is the view that our grasp of mo ...
Thesis edit2 - University of Tilburg
... (1983), the violation of wearing pajamas would be of conventional nature still. Those of us who
have been to Japan might start feeling slightly uncomfortable. In the Japanese culture, respect plays
a prominent role and business environments are formal. Wearing pajamas in such a setting may be
Why Emotivists Love Inconsistency
... person’s ethics. What I believe, though, is that the analysis of moral
opinions can be the paradigm for the analyses of these other opinions.
2. The problem of reasoning
An important fact about our moral thinking is that we give up moral
opinions to avoid what we naturally think of as inconsistencie ...
A Plea for Moral Deference
... I need not insist on this point, however, because the objection is also confused;
and its confusion alone is adequate for my purposes. To see this, let us stipulate that
every normal adult human being is equally capable (in principle) of working out the
requirements of morality. Moral truths are the ...
On Three Defenses of Sentimentalism
... Anyway, Hutcheson holds that having the moral sense alone does not
guarantee that we identify appropriate morals. He points out some causes which produce mistakes in moral judgment. Deficient reason is one
of them. He says, “We may perhaps commit Mistakes, in judging that
Actions tend to the publick ...
“I believe this will become the standard in the field of biblical ethics
... from religious imagination. In other words this book treats biblical ethics as truth authoritatively and reliably revealed by the one
true God for all humanity regarding the only standards that will
matter at the end of time when each individual stands before the
judgment seat of God.
An Introductio ...
The Theaetetus as a Superior Apology.
... the theories of others to support or counter those put forth by the interlocutors, then test the ideas
with reason alone (157c; Giannopoulou 44). He proclaims, “I myself am barren of wisdom… I
am in not any sense a wise man; I cannot claim as the child of my own soul any discovery worth
the name of ...
Rightness and Responsibility
... with moral requirements to the extent they are deliberating correctly and are
otherwise practically rational. The condition of correct deliberation rules out
cases in which an agent does not acknowledge the truth of moral judgments or
does not acknowledge that such judgments have normative significa ...
Chapter 4 The Moral Conscience
... (a) Conscience does not keep silent, it praises and reprimands, exhorts
and corrects, incites and represses
(b) Conscience confronts each of us with the law, and thus becomes a
witness of our own faithfulness and unfaithfulness with regard to the
law, of our essential moral rectitude or iniquity.
Dieter Birnbacher - Kultura i Wartości
... teachers and other public figures are reminded of their duty of directly and indirectly supporting the authority of values in society and of living up to these values in
their own public behavior. The values which are usually meant in these contexts
are moral values. It is not values as such that ar ...
Is There Moral High Ground?
... we must relativize truth. The only other option is to accept both
ours and the Taliban’s claims and conclude that there are true
moral contradictions: it is both true and not true that it is good
to educate women. Pace dialethism, we should assume that true
moral contradictions are untenable. We may ...
Moral Beauty`s Divine Center: Jonathan Edwards
... God has endued the soul with two
principle faculties; The one that by
which it is capable of perception and
speculation, or by which it discerns
and judges of things; which is called
the understanding. The other, that by
which the soul is in some way
inclined with respect to the things it
views or c ...
Moral Leadership - Regent University
... denominator that each and any leadership style should have. As said earlier, our personal want
sand desires support the premise that every single individual knows what morality is. This
deduction also supports the assertion that it is the human failure to keep up with morality that
determines all th ...
... We can ask “Why?” Aristotle writes in Politics “What is indispensable to the existence of a state
is - that there must be care of religion which is commonly called worship.” (Rackham 573).
Is Aristotle implying that the worship of the gods of his time will now make men
temperate? Rather, the exact o ...
Peter Kreeft-The philosophy of Thomas Aquinas
... simplest and most natural form of reasoning—anyone can follow them—and
Aquinas habitually puts everything into syllogisms. He comes right to the
point. You always know the “bottom line.”
A seventh feature is the profundity of his content. The nature of God, man,
life, death, soul, body, mind, will, ...
The Euthyphro dilemma is found in Plato's dialogue Euthyphro, in which Socrates asks Euthyphro, ""Is the pious (τὸ ὅσιον) loved by the gods because it is pious, or is it pious because it is loved by the gods?"" (10a)The dilemma has had a major effect on the philosophical theism of the monotheistic religions, but in a modified form: ""Is what is morally good commanded by God because it is morally good, or is it morally good because it is commanded by God?"" Ever since Plato's original discussion, this question has presented a problem for some theists, though others have thought it a false dilemma, and it continues to be an object of theological and philosophical discussion today.