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Keypoints of Basic Atomic Structure Definitions You will not be asked to write a definition of any of these but I do expect you to recognized them when they are used in problems, etc.. Definitions Atom Atomic Number Atomic Radius Electrons Element Isotope Neutrons Periodic Table Protons Subatomic Particles Concepts 1. Be able to describe how protons, neutrons and electrons are arranged in an atom. 2. Be able to list the charges on the subatomic particles that make up and atom, and give their relative sizes. 3. Recognize whether it is the mass of the protons, neutrons, and/or electrons that are (is) principally responsible for the mass of an atom. 4. Be able to explain how different atoms of the same element are able to have significantly different masses. 5. Be able to explain how elements are ordered in the periodic table. 6. Be able to describe trends in atomic radii that are seen in the periodic table.