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Transcript
After 1865: Effects of the War
Reconstruction
What will happen after the end of the war?
Reconstruction - The period after the Civil
War in which Congress passed laws to rebuild
the country and bring the Southern states back
into the Union.
President Abraham Lincoln’ Plan
• Lincoln wanted the country to come back together peacefully.
• Lincoln’s plan was created in 1863, about two years before the
end of the war.
• Due to his death, he was not able to put his ideas into
practice.
The Ten Percent Plan
• 10% of voters in the seceded states must swear loyalty under
oath to the Union.
• The seceded states must abolish slavery.
Republicans in Congress
• Wanted to be more strict with the Southern States.
• A Southern State could re-enter through a slow
admission process.
Wade-Davis Bill (Republican’s plan)
• The majority of white men from Southern states must swear
loyalty to the United States.
• The seceded states must abolish slavery.
• Former Confederate soldiers or volunteers cannot hold office
(senator, representative, etc.) or vote.
President Andrew Johnson
• Wanted to be strict with the Southern States but
ended up making it very easy for them.
• Allowed for segregation of the races.
Johnson’s Plan
• The majority of white men from Southern states must
swear loyalty to the United States.
• Southern states must ratify the 13th Amendment.
• Former Confederate soldiers and office may hold office
and vote.
Radical Republicans
• Radical republicans, often abolitionists, represented a
large part of Congress.
• These Congressmen wanted to be strict with the
Southern States.
• They also wanted to protect the newly freed slaves.
Reconstruction Act
• Southern states must break up their state
governments.
• Southern states must write new state constitutions.
• Southern states must ratify the 14th Amendment
• Southern states must allow African Americans to
vote.