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Transcript
The Scientific
Revolution
Geocentric Theory

Earth is the center of the universe

Believed to be true until the Renaissance

Aligned with the church’s teachings
Nicolaus Copernicus

Polish scholar

Published On the Revolutions of the
Heavenly Spheres (1543)

Heliocentric theory- sun centered: goes
against the church and ancient
philosophers
Tycho Brahe
Supported Copernicus’ theory
Gathered evidence by observing the night sky for years
Johannes Kepler

Calculated the orbits of planets

Said planets move in an ellipse (oval shape)
Galileo Galilei

Assembled an astronomical telescope

His discoveries caused an uproar because they
contradicted ancient views of the universe

Tried for heresy

“And yet it moves”- referring to the earth after he
was forced to renounce his theories
Galileo’s telescope
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NMM8vx9vDiE
Scientific Method

By the early 1600s observation and
experimentation had emerged in the scientific
field

Renaissance scientists rediscovered Greek
philosopher, Plato

The scientific method advance the world because
experiments could be tested and retested
Why is it circular?
Revolutionary Thinkers
Francis Bacon
René Descartes
Stressed
experimentation and
observation
Emphasized human
reasoning as the best
road to understanding
Some historians believe
that he actually wrote
Shakespeare’s works
“I think, therefore, I am”
Breakthroughs in medicine
Andreas Vesalius- On the Structure of the Human Body
Researched autopsies
Ambroise Paré- French physician
Developed new surgical techniques, artificial limbs
William Harvey- English scholar
described the circulation of the blood, how the
heart pumps
Anton van Leeuwenhoek- Dutch inventor
Perfected the microscope
First human to see cells and microorganisms
Robert Boyle- English chemist
Explained that all matter is composed of
particles that act in knowable ways
Isaac Newton
Gravity- the force that keeps planets in orbit
Calculus- branch of mathematics that
explains Newton’s laws

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PCxP24qj2UQ