Many scholars believed that the earth did not move and was the center of the universe. This view of the world was called the geocenteric theory. This idea came from Aristotle, the Greek philosopher of the fourth century. The bible also taught that god purposley put earth in the center of the universe, making it mcuh easier for people to accept . Starting in the mid-15oo's some scholars startted to question and start thier own experiments on ancient theories. The two main fields of study that scholars were studying were in astronomy and mathematics. One curious astronmer named Nicolaus Copernicus beacame interrsted in an old Greek theory that all the stars, earth and other planets revolved around the sun, which he studied and reasoned that indeed this is true. Although he theory made since it still didn't explain why the planets orbited the way they did. The person who figured out that the planets orbit the sun in a ellipitcal pattern and not a circle was Johannes Kepler Another new theory had proved Aristotle wrong, Galileo Galilei's law of the pendulum. This theory shows that no matter an objects weight it falls at the same speed. Since Galileo supported th ideas of Copernicus the church wasn't to happy abut that. They told him to not defend Copernicus' ideas, but Galileo later released a book that showed he supported the ideas of Copernicus. The Pope took charge and summoned Galileo to stand trial. Under the threat of torture he was forced to kneal before the cardinals and read aloud a signed confession. He was never again a free man, and later died under house arrest. The infamous Issac Newton made a major breakthrough in motion during this time At age 24 Newton made a conclusion that all physical objects were affected equally by the same forces The law of universial gravitation says that every object in the universe attracts every other object,and the degree of attraction depends on the mass of the objects and the distance Law of Gravity Scientific method The scietific method is a logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas. Begins with a problem or question that comes tfrom an obsevation Then a hypothesis is formed and tested in an experiment After this is tested a conclusion is formed and it either supports or diproves the hypothesis Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes developed this method Scientist during this time started to create instruments to help further their studies, (Ex. mirocoscope,theromometer. The vaccine for smallpox was created by Edward Jenner Robert Boyle was considered the founder of modern history This quote was said by David Hume I like this quote because it tells us that we are ones who decide what true beauty is.