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Chapter 11: Parts of Speech
Pronoun Notes
Pronoun – a word used in place of one or more nouns or
Antecedent – the word that the pronoun stands for
(sometimes it is not stated in the sentence)
1.The girl bought herself a new dress.
2. Susan read the book and returned it to the library.
3. Who said that?
4. I thought you said everybody would help.
Personal Pronouns – refers to the one speaking (first
person), the one spoken to (second person), or the one
spoken about (third person)
First Person – I, me, my, mine, we, us, our, ours
*Last fall, I visited my best friend in Maine.
Second Person – you, your, yours
*Did you say that pen was yours?
Third Person – he, him, her, she, his, hers. It, its, they, them , their, theirs
*The coach gathered the kids around him and gave them a pep
Reflexive Pronoun – reflects an action back upon
the subject; they add necessary information to a
Ralph hurt himself at the park.
Sarah wrote herself a note.
Intensive Pronouns – emphasize a noun or
pronoun but do not add information to a
I myself will write the report .
Amelia designed the costumes herself.
(both are formed by adding –self or –selves to a personal
Demonstrative Pronouns: used to single out one or more
persons or things referred to in a sentence
That is a photograph of the space shuttle.
These are the names of those who volunteered.
**NOTE- When used to modify a noun or pronoun they are adjectives.
This card is my favorite.
Relative Pronoun – introduces a subordinate clause (a
clause that can not stand alone)
The Bactrian camel, which has two humps, is native to Asia.
(subordinate clause/can not stand alone)
Ray Charles is a performer who has had many hit songs.
Interrogative Pronouns: introduce a question
WHO – subject form
-used as the subject of the verb (who or what the
sentence is about)
Who is your favorite quarterback?
Who brought the food?
(When asking a question the answer is he/she – use who)
WHOM – object form
-direct object of a verb or object of preposition
For whom was the letter intended? (for is prep)
By whom was the picture painted? (by is prep)
Whom are we waiting for?
(When asking a question the answer is him/her - use whom)
Indefinite Pronouns: refers to a noun that may or may not
be specifically named
*chart in book page 356
Everyone completed the test before the bell rang.
Neither of the actors knew what costume the other was
planning to wear.
Ch 11: Pronouns Exercises
• Now, you are ready to complete the
exercises from Elements of Language.
• Page 351 - Exercises 4-7 #’s 1-9 odd
• Complete the exercises under your
notes – keep it all together and neat.