University of Pardubice Faculty of Arts and Philosophy
... 1. Subject and its formal realization ...........................................................................................2
2. Ways of expressing subject.....................................................................................................3
2.1 Subject expressed by a noun phras ...
The Syntax of Inner Aspect
... Larson, John Bailyn, and Bill McClure. They have each influenced the shape of this
dissertation in their own way. Richard is clear about what he likes and what he does not, and
he tells you. This is helpful for hardening the soft spots, and it has done so. The results of
many of his suggestions have ...
my dissertation - Semantics Archive
... the morphosyntax and the semantics?
I answer these questions within an event semantics framework. I show that the
construction’s interpretation is determined partly by grammatical factors (e.g., the
embedded clause’s aspect, the matrix predicate’s semantics) and partly by pragmatic
factors (e.g., th ...
The distribution of pronoun case forms in English
... This thesis investigates the influence of linguistic factors on the distribution
of pronoun case forms in Modem English and argues that the alternation between
nominative and objective pronoun forms is a surface phenomenon best captured in
a probabilistic constraint-based approach, where constraints ...
Idioms, Anaphora, and Movement Diagnostics
... Get X’s goat is a phrasal idiom because the verb get does not have its literal meaning of acquisition in this idiom,
nor does X’s goat refer to an animal. Just when combined, they produce the meaning ‘drive X to anger/annoyance’.
The verb get does not have this meaning in any other context, nor does ...
Extraction with deep anaphora?
... (8) You have [jilted two fiancés ] and I expect you would [VP [VP do the same] [orphan to me]]
However, whereas in English such orphan PPs are restricted to PPs headed by a specific set of
prepositions (to/for/with), PP associates of dat in Dutch are not so restricted: prepositions
selected by the a ...
Full Text - Rutgers University
... While in the midst of writing this dissertation, I imagined it would be great fun to finally get
to the stage of writing the acknowledgments because not only would it mean that I was near the end,
it would mean the chance to write about my mentors and friends and how much they mean to me.
Now that I ...
Open Access version via Utrecht University Repository
... clear definitions for these terms have to be established. This section therefore makes an
excursion into syntactic theory. There are several theories about the exact nature of the
‘topic’, ‘focus’ and ‘contrast’. This thesis adopts the representation of Neeleman and
Vermeulen, outlined below. Their ...
BINDING IN SWAHILI MORPHOLOGY AND SYNTAX. NAME
... Mohammed (2001) defines pronouns as a set of items that can be used to replace or substitute nouns or
noun phrases. According to this definition, it appears like any set of items, which replaces a noun, or a
noun phrase is a pronoun.
Personal pronouns in Swahili
Mohammed (2001) identifies two groups ...
viewed - Association for Computational Linguistics
... fragments has been studied and debated in detail
(e.g. Morgan 1973, Merchant 2004). Answer ellipsis exists in Mandarin just as it does in English,
although the questions that elicit answer fragments vary significantly from the questions in
English insofar as all interrogative elements remain in situ ...
The case of German relatives
... In these examples, the subject NP (9a,b) or the object-NP (9c) is shared by the two clauses. Karg (1927) shows
that in the vast majority of apokoinou-constructions, it is a nominative or an accusative NP which is shared,
whereas shared genitive or dative NPs are very rare. Among the apokoinou-constr ...
Analyzing Embedded Noun Phrase Structures Derived from
... double-nominal-case construction based on the valency structure used in ALT-J/E. ALT-J/E is a Japanese-toEnglish translation system (Ikehara et al. 87).
An embeddednoun phrase structure is the structure in which a sentence (hereafter, called the embedded sentence) modifies a noun phrase (hereafter, ...
english 11 grammar packet
... UNIT 1: SENTENCE FAULTS AND PUNCTUATION
LESSON TWO: SENTENCE FRAGMENTS (FRAG)
A sentence fragment is a group of words that pretends to be a sentence, but does not
contain one of the requirements of a complete sentence – either a subject, a verb, or a
completed thought. Most fragments are phrases or ...
... Each unit opens with a brief, simple explanation of a key concept in
easy- to-understand language. Students are then challenged to apply
what they are learning through practice pages. Next comes a review,
followed by a quick and easy- to-score quiz. Occasionally, you may
want to add an extra exerci ...
FLOATING QUANTIFIERS, PARTITIVES AND DISTRIBUTIVITY
... 3.2. Sportiche's (1988) account
Some of the problems raised above for the traditional movement account of floating
quantifiers are countered in the alternative transformational theory of Sportiche (1988).
According to Sportiche, the so-called floating quantifier is syntactically inert. What moves is ...
General Semantics - Division of Social Sciences
... of a sentence are located in different possible worlds.) We
must have a time coordinate,
in view of tensed sentences and such sen
tences as 'Today is Tuesday'; aplace coordinate, in view of such sentences
as 'Here there are tigers' ; a speaker coordinate in view of such sentences
as T am Porky' ; an ...
Deep properties of surface pronouns: pronominal predicate
... in that it fails to undergo Object Shift. Using this as a diagnostic, we show that the
deep anaphoric gjøre det really behaves like any lexical verb plus a pronominal direct
object (i.e., gjøre detd , ‘do it’). In the case of the surface anaphoric gjøre det, it
is more as if gjøre is a light verb (i ...
- Scholarworks @ Morehead State
... relative or cleft clauses and the increasing acceptance of accusative personal pronouns
where prescriptive rules determine that nominative ones should be used.
The experiment conducted for this thesis was a combination of a sentence-rating
study and a fill-in study. The rating questionnaire containe ...
pdf - Université de Genève
... theory – for the comprehension for instance of the interactions between different parts of the
grammar – but also for natural language processing (NLP) in general and machine translation
In this paper we discuss different types of problems that clitic pronouns can represent
for a mach ...
Quantificational Pronouns in Uyghur By Jonathan Jasper Coffee
... ‘Everyone saw him/her.’
b. [héch-kim nan-ni yé-me-d-i]
‘No one ate the nan.’
c. men bir-kim(-ni)
1SG one-who-ACC search-PROG-PRES-1SG
‘I am looking for someone.’
d. u birer nerse(-ni) isde-wat-i-du
3SG some thing-ACC search-PROG-PRES-3SG
‘He is looking ...
pros sign 4-10
... provide further information in order to obtain the correct phonology and meaning: everything must
already be given and nothing else can be added to the representation by inserting material taken
from the outside at a further step. This might be too strong a view, but it is worth investigating, to
RELATIONAL NOUNS, PRONOUNS, AND RESUMPTIONw
... terms of the hypothesis of direct compositionality. I argue that use of
a semantic representation does not necessarily violate direct compositionality. I use the grammatical architecture of Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG; Kaplan and Bresnan 1982; Bresnan 2001;
Dalrymple 2001) coupled with Glue Sema ...
Bound variable pronoun
A bound variable pronoun (also called a bound variable anaphor or BVA) is a pronoun that has a quantified determiner phrase (DP) – such as every, some, or who – as its antecedent.An example of a bound variable pronoun in English is given in (1).(1) Each manager exploits the secretary who works for him. (Reinhart, 1983: 55 (19a))In (1), the quantified DP is each manager, and the bound variable pronoun is him. This pronoun is a bound variable pronoun because it does not refer to one single entity in the world. Rather, its reference varies depending on which entities are encompassed by the phrase each manager. For example, if each manager encompasses both John and Adam, then him will refer variably to both John and Adam. The meaning of this sentence in this case would then be:(2) John1 exploits the secretary who works for him1, and Adam2 exploits the secretary who works for him2. (Adapted from Reinhart, 1983: 55 (19a))Where him first refers to John, and then to Adam.In linguistics, the occurrence of bound variable pronouns is important for the study of the syntax and semantics of pronouns. Semantic analyses focus on the interpretation of the quantifiers. Syntactic analyses focus on issues relating to co-indexation, binding domain, and c-command.