Download AP Psych 15 sq AP Psych-Psychological Disorders-SQ

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Transcript
Chapter 15 Psychological Disorders
Study Questions
______________________________________________________________________________
1. What is abnormal behavior? Cite the main components that typically enter into diagnoses of
abnormal behavior.
2. What effects do psychiatric labeling have on social and self-perceptions?
3. What is a phobia, and what are the three major types of phobias?
4. Differentiate between obsessions and compulsions. How are they typically related?
5. Describe four common features of PTSD.
6. How does psychoanalytic theory explain the development of anxiety disorders? What research
supports this?
7. How do cognitive factors contribute to anxiety disorders, particularly panic disorder? What
research supports these explanations?
8. Describe three varieties of somatoform disorders. What causal factors might be involved in
somatoform disorders?
9. What is the central feature of dissociative disorders? Describe three varieties of dissociative
disorders.
10. Describe the four classes of symptoms that characterize depression. How does mania differ from
depression?
11. What evidence is there to support the notion that early traumas create a risk factor for later
depression?
12. What specific attributes cause depression according to learned helplessness theory?
13. How are cultural factors related to prevalence, manifestations, and gender differences in
depression?
14. What is schizophrenia? What are the major cognitive, behavioral, emotional, and perceptual
features of this disorder? Describe the four major types of schizophrenic disorders.
15. Describe the evidence for genetic and neurological factors in schizophrenia.
16. Contrast the social causation and social drift hypotheses. What relation do these hypotheses try to
explain?
17. How are personality disorders different from other psychological disorders?
18. Describe the characteristics of antisocial personality disorder.
19. Describe attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and discuss its potential causes.
20. Describe the symptoms of autism and why they occur
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