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Transcript
Name____________
Period____________
1
Name____________
Period____________
Fill in the blanks as we do the notes off the power point. These will be your notes and will be turned in after
your test for a grade. If you miss class, you are responsible for catching up by getting the notes online, or
before or after school. Make sure to do the section summaries and write questions on the left side of the notes
whenever you see an (*) asterisk!!!
Chapter 5: Rome & the Rise of Christianity
Section 1
The Rise of Rome
* Two ________________________features played a major role in the growth of Rome
1. ___________________ location
2.
___________________ of physical ____________________
The Roman Republic (Gov't)

In 509 B.C. the Romans drove out their Etruscan king (Etruscans - early people of Italy)

*Set up a republic - _____________________________with ______________ leaders.
o
________________________ (ruling /____________________ class) Senate
had 300 members
o
Senate elected _____ Consuls as the executive branch
o
In event of war a ____________________ was elected and granted power for
six months

*In 450 BC ______________ (merchants & _______________) demanded more
power

Eventually they could elect their own officials called Tribunes.
o
Also known as the Plebeian tribunate
o
*Had the power of ____________(Latin for "I ____________") over elections
& laws

*Law of ___________________________ - earliest code of Roman ______________.
Rome Conquers the Mediterranean

*_______________________ Wars
o
Two long & bloody ____________ fought between Rome &
_________________ ____ over the years 264 BC - 146 BC

*General _______________________ led _______________________
o
Over the Swiss ______________ with elephants
o
Fought Rome for 15 years before being called back to Carthage
2
Name____________
Period____________

o
Took poison before capture
o
________________________________________________________________
By 133 B.C. Roman territory extended from _______________ to ________________
o
*Called the Mediterranean… _____________________ – Latin for “Our Sea”
Summary – 1 paragraph (4-5 sentences)
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
Section 2
From Republic to Empire
*Growing inequality and unrest:

New class of ________________________ Romans who bought huge estates and
used ________________________ to work them

This forced _________________ farmers into ________________________

Angry mobs rioted

A Roman could tell how important or wealthy a person was from their toga
Julius Caesar - 100 - 44 BC

Forced the Senate to make him ________________________

*Made many reforms in Rome:
o
Public works
o
Gave _________________ to the ___________________
o
Gave Roman citizenship more people
o
Introduced the _____________________ (this is what we use
today…think July for Julian)

*Ides of _____________________ 15th 44 BC
o
Caesar was _______________ to death on the steps of the senate. After
this, Rome fell into civil war. Again.
3
Name____________
Period____________
The End of the Republic

Marcus Antonius - _____________________________________ (83-31 BC)

_____________________ – The last Pharaoh (69-30 BC)

Gaius _______________________ – Caesar’s grand-nephew (63 BC-14 CE)

*Augustus Caesar – “_____________________________”
o
___________________________= ____________________________
o
________________________ Contributions:

Created a stable gov’t

Well trained civil service

Gov’t jobs went to those with talent

Allowed cities and large provinces a large measure of
_____________________ - __________________________
o
*Pax Romana _________________________________
o
Extended Roman influence and culture along the growing Silk Road
trade network
Summary – 1 paragraph (4-5 sentences)
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
4
Name____________
Period____________
Section 3
Culture & Society in the Roman World
Architecture & Entertainment

______________________ Civilization – A blend of Greek & Roman culture

*_____________________ & ________________ - Many of them still used after
Rome fell and some even today.

The __________________ - Over 160 feet high with the Coliseum could hold upwards of
50,000 spectators. Public events such as gladiator fights, mock naval battles and wild animal
hunts were held at the Coliseum. During the staged fights as many as Fighters were slaves,
prisoners or volunteers. Spectators saw persecuted Christians killed by lions. After 404 AD
gladiatorial battles were no longer held, but animals such as lions, elephants, snakes and
panthers continued to be massacred in the name of sport until the 6th century.

_____________________- Third of a mile long and 150 yards wide, the Circus
Maximus allegedly held 250,000 people.
Science

*Ptolemy proposed the ________________ was the ________________ of the
________________which lasted for 1400 years

*It was Galen who first introduced the notion of experimentation to medicine.
o
On the Natural Faculties remained the authority on medicine until the
sixteenth century
Rome’s Greatest Legacy

____________________________________- an idea that continues to shape
western civilization today…

*Common principles:
o
_____________________before the law
o
Presumed _____________________
o
Face accuser and defend
o
Guilt through _____________________
o
Fair decisions
Summary – 1 paragraph (4-5 sentences)
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
5
Name____________
Period____________
Section 4
The Development of Christianity
The Rise of Christianity

Romans conquered Palestine in 63 BC

_______________ were tolerated and excused from worshiping Roman gods

Jews absorbed Greek influence creating _____________ in the religion
Jesus…the founder of Christianity

Called himself the __________________________

Said his mission was to bring spiritual salvation and eternal life to anyone who would
believe in him.

Our history comes from the Gospels.

*Written by ___________________________________
Was Jesus Dangerous?

*Romans considered Jesus a _________________________________.

*_______________ priests considered Jesus dangerous to their___________________

They became _________________ of the huge ________________ that followed him
& believed in him.

So, they decided to get rid of him and have him killed.

He was tried and_____________________
Spread of Christianity

Jesus told his _________________ to spread his word.

*Those who spread his message are known as _________________.

Yet Christians were _____________________ and became Martyrs.

Paul (St. Paul) was from Asia Minor.

Greek ideas from Plato & the Stoics moderated the Christian church which many
Romans liked.

Christianity becomes the _____________________of the _____________________

*When the empire _______________ (as __________________________________)…
The Church preserved, adapted and spread Greco-Roman civilization
6
Name____________
Period____________

Reforming emperors tried to reverse the decline
*Diocletian – 284 BC

___________ the
*Constantine – 312 BC

empire into _____

______& _______

Fixed prices
Granted ________
to Christians

Built a new capital
in _____________
Summary – 1 paragraph (4-5 sentences)
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
Section 5
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
*Causes for Rome’s downfall





_____________________ causes
o
German invasions
o
________________________________ among the empire’s soldiers
_____________________ causes
o
Authoritarian & corrupt government
o
Division w/in the empire
_____________________ causes
o
Heavy taxation
o
Diminishing wealth
o
Reliance on _____________________
o
Population decline
_____________________ causes
o
A __________________ in ________________ values
o
A ____________________ to ________________ among the upper classes
o
A loss of _________________________ among the masses
_____________________ Invasions
7
Name____________
Period____________
o
o
*_____________

Came from Asia

Think of Atila the Hun

Migrated into Europe through Germany.
*_____________________

Huns pushed the Germans ( known as Visigoths) into Roman
territory


By _______ the Visigoth General Alaric ________________ Rome
*Foreign _____________& ______________ problems brought the “fall” of Rome
Summary – 1 paragraph (4-5 sentences)
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
8