basic parts of speech
... Verb -- a word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement
Action verbs -- express action
Linking (or state-of-being) verbs -- help to make a statement, not by expressing an action but by serving as
a link between two words
Adverb -- modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
Present Progressive The present progressive tense is used to
... The present progressive tense is used to express an action that is in progress right at this
We use the following formula to create the present progressive tense:
______present tense of “estar”____________ + ____present participle______________
(it’s the “-ing” ending in English)
Parts of Speech Overview - BMC
... Prepositions work in combination with a
noun or pronoun to create phrases that
modify verbs, nouns/pronouns, or
adjectives. Prepositional phrases convey a
spatial, temporal, or directional meaning.
Parts of Speech
... Cases of Pronouns
• Nominative---names; subjects or predicate
nominative (found toward front of sentence)
• Objective---action is done to it; found toward
end of sentence
... • Joins two thoughts or sentences
• Not always in the middle of the
thought or sentence, can be in the
beginning or end
Conjugating Regular Spanish Verbs
... • To know the difference between
conjugating verbs in English and in
• To know all of the endings for AR, ER, and
• To be able to use those endings in Spanish
El presente progresivo - Hoffman Estates High School
... The present progressive tense is used to talk
about actions taking place at a given time.
The action has to be taking place at the time it
is used in the sentence (Ahora-now).
Equivalent to the English -ING
It is formed by combining a form of the verb
ESTAR with the present participle.
... Created by
The Nine Parts of Speech Verbs • Action Verb: tells what the subject
... • Proper Nouns: name a specific person, place, thing, or idea.
Missouri, Central High School, Emily
Pronouns: a word that replaces and refers to a noun. he, she, it, they
Adjectives: words that modify, or describe, a noun or pronoun.
pretty, stormy, dark
Adverb: words that modify, or describe, ...
REGULAR -AR VERB CONJUGATION, p 84
... 1. Take off the infinitive ending – the leftover letters are called the ‘stem’.
2. Figure out the subject (the person performing the action).
3. Add to the end of the stem the conjugated ending for that subject.
Appendices (Spanish Grammar Book, Enrique Yepes, Bowdoin) http
... Object [objeto o complemento]. Part of the sentence that undergoes the action expressed by
the verb. Examples:
She wrote a letter to Pedro. → the letter is the direct object (what did she write?)
→ Pedro is the indirect object (to whom did she write?)
She told him the secret. → the secret is the dir ...
Action Verb: Tells what the subject does. • Jeremy likes to run
... Adjectives: words that modify, or describe, a
noun or pronoun.
• This is a pretty blouse.
• That was the worst storm ever.
Adverb: words that modify, or describe, a verb,
an adjective, or another adverb.
• (verb) The snail moved slowly.
• (adjective) The horse was already gigantic.
• (adverb) The ki ...
FORMATION of MANDATOS -AR verbs caminar ¡Camina más
... Unidad 4-1
To tell a person to do something, you use an affirmative command, called a mandato. In
this unit, we will learn tú mandatos, commands that we use with each other, with people
to whom we’d address with tú forms.
Grammar Bomb Essentials
... a. AV DO Who/What receives the action directly?
DO IO? Who/What receives the action indirectly?
b. LV What word describes or renames the subject?
PA Describes = adjective = Predicate Adjective
PN Renames = noun = Predicate Nominative
... variety of
... What exactly is an object pronoun?
➢ An object pronoun receives the action or completes
the meaning of the verb in a sentence.
➢ Example: He ate the table.
The verb is “ate.” What was eaten? The table.
Therefore, table is the object of the verb.
Parts of Speech
... When? Where? Why? How? Under what conditions? To what degree? Adverbs can also
modify adjectives and other adverbs.
People think too historically.
A PREPOSITION indicates the relationship between the noun or pronoun that follows it
and another word in the sentence.
A journey of a thousan ...
Present - Grade 4 Merlins
... Lesson 2: verbs in the present
Verbs show action in a sentence.
Verbs also tell when the action
A verb in the present tense tells about
an action that is happening NOW.
... She is going to be something, therefore Sally
is the subject.
Sentence Structure and "Ser"
... Subject Pronouns: Spanish
• In Spanish, all the different subject pronouns have their OWN form of the
verb, so we don’t NEED to use them all the time.
Spanish grammar is the grammar of the Spanish language (español, castellano), which is a Romance language that originated in north central Spain and is spoken today throughout Spain, some twenty countries in the Americas, and Equatorial Guinea.Spanish is an inflected language. The verbs are potentially marked for tense, aspect, mood, person, and number (resulting in some fifty conjugated forms per verb). The nouns form a two-gender system and are marked for number. Pronouns can be inflected for person, number, gender (including a residual neuter), and case, although the Spanish pronominal system represents a simplification of the ancestral Latin system.Spanish was the first of the European vernaculars to have a grammar treatise, Gramática de la lengua castellana, written in 1492 by the Andalusian linguist Antonio de Nebrija and presented to Isabella of Castile at Salamanca.The Real Academia Española (RAE) traditionally dictates the normative rules of the Spanish language, as well as its orthography.Formal differences between Peninsular and American Spanish are remarkably few, and someone who has learned the dialect of one area will have no difficulties using reasonably formal speech in the other; however, pronunciation does vary, as well as grammar and vocabulary.Recently published comprehensive Spanish reference grammars in English include DeBruyne (1996), Butt & Benjamin (2004), and Batchelor & San José (2010).