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Verb inflexions and their function 155 3.6.7 Preterite presents and other irregular verbs â Exercise 1. 2. 3. 4. What is the meaning of the term âpreterite presentâ? What inflexional features characterise preterite present verbs? What function do many preterite present verbs have? Study the principal parts of kunna (above), and then give the following forms: 2nd person sg. and pl. present indic., 1st pl. present subj., 3rd pl. past indic. and subj. 5. What forms do vilja and vera have in common with preterite present verbs? 6. What is unusual about the inflexion of (a) grÃ³a, (b) valda, (c) hafa? 3.6.8 Examples of verb usage Following the same procedure as for other word classes, examples are now given of verbs in function. With the vast range of verbal forms and functions that exists, only a selection can be illustrated, with the emphasis on the most common types. Equally, because so many different features are involved â person and number, tense, mood, voice, -sk forms, periphrastic constructions â and several features combine in the one verb phrase, it has proved difficult to order the examples in any meaningful way. Note that the verbal inflexions being illustrated (or the whole word where there is no difference from the root of the infinitive or an inflexion cannot easily be discerned) are printed in bold type. To underline the grammatical relations involved, bold is also used for the subject, which triggers the person and number form in the verb. Compare the inflexions used below with those set out and discussed in 3.6.5, 3.6.6 and 3.6.7. (1) Hann bâ¡r ferâº sÃna ok fÃ³r til NÃ³regs âHe prepares journey REFL. POSS. and went to Norwayâ âHe gets ready to depart and went to Norwayâ Bâ¡r is 3rd sg. present indic. of the strong verb bÃºa (minor type). FÃ³r is 3rd sg. past indic. of the strong verb fara (type 6). Indicative is used because factual statements are being made about what happened. The abrupt change from present to past tense is characteristic of Old Norse prose style.