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Adjective inflexions and their function
87
‘But as for the big ships which had sailed previously and which
they thought were “The Serpent”, the former was “The Crane”
and the latter “The Short Serpent”’
(7)
fiá minntisk hann fless er mærin sú hin mikilláta haf›i
mælt til hans
‘Then he remembered that which the proud girl had said to him’
(8)
fieir snúa flegar at hinni miklu hƒllinni
‘They turn immediately to the big hall’
(9)
Konungr hét flar fyrir Óláfi hinum mestum afarkostum
‘King promised there for to-Óláfr the greatest hard-treatments’
‘The king promised Óláfr in return the harshest treatment’
3.3.6 Examples of adjective usage
As was done for nouns and pronouns, examples are now given of
adjectives in function. With the wide range of adjectival functions and
inflexions that exists, only a selection can be illustrated, with the
emphasis on the most common types. As far as is practicable, the examples are ordered as follows: (a) strong adjectives; (b) weak adjectives; (c) substantivised adjectives (strong and weak); (d) superlatives
(strong and weak); (e) comparatives — though some sentences contain examples of more than one type. In other respects, the exemplification follows the same pattern as for nouns (see the preamble on
p. 31). Note that the adjectival inflexions being illustrated (or the whole
word where there is no difference from the root form) are printed in
bold type. To underline the grammatical relations involved, bold is
also used for the noun or pronoun with which the adjective agrees.
Compare the inflexions used below with those set out and discussed
in 3.3.4. Observe, too, the differences between Old Norse and English
phraseology and sentence formation. Definitions of basic concepts that
have already been given are not repeated; if in doubt the student should
consult the individual commentaries that accompany each of the examples of noun function in 3.1.5.
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