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Chapter 9-1 Washington’s Presidency Section Objectives To explain how the nation’s court system was established To describe the first cabinet To analyze Hamilton’s financial plan To identify interpretations of the Constitution and explain how they influenced attitudes toward the national bank Washington Takes Office/Setting Up the Courts What does the phrase “Washington would set a precedent” mean? What decisions about the nation’s court system did the Constitution leave to Congress to decide? What was the purpose of the Federal Judiciary Act of 1789? Washington’s Cabinet/Economic Problems How did the cabinet help the president govern the nation? What financial problems did the nation face? How did Hamilton propose to solve them? What beliefs influenced Hamilton’s financial plans for the nation? Hamilton’s Financial Plan What were the three steps in Hamilton’s financial plan? Why did many Southern states object to helping the country pay off its war debts? Why did Hamilton favor imposing high tariffs on foreign goods and creating a national bank? Interpreting the Constitution What are the two major ways of interpreting the Constitution and how do they differ? Why did Madison and Jefferson oppose the creation of the national bank? How was the argument over the bank settled? Chapter 9-2 Challenges to the New Government Fallen Timbers Monument Section Objectives To explain why Washington wanted to secure the Trans-Appalachian west To analyze the causes and outcome of the Battle of Fallen Timbers To identify the reasons for the Whiskey Rebellion To explain how Washington maintained US neutrality Securing the Northwest Territory Why was there conflict over the West? How did the Battle of Fallen Timbers affect Native American claims to land? Why was Washington’s treatment of the Whiskey Rebellion important? Battle of Fallen Timers Why did Washington decide to send troops to the Ohio Valley to fight the force led by Little Turtle? What were the results of the Battle of Fallen Timbers for the Native Americans? For the United States? Why did the British refuse to help the Native Americans? The Whiskey Rebellion Why were the farmers angry about the whiskey tax? Why did Washington decide to crush the rebellion and enforce the tax? The French Revolution/Remaining Neutral Why did the war between France and Britain put the United States in a difficult position? How did Jefferson, Hamilton, and Washington think the United States should react to the War? What problems did Jay’s Treaty and Pickney’s Treaty solve for the United States? Chapter 9-3 The Federalists in Charge Section Objectives John Adams To explain how political parties developed To identify the problems President John Adams faced with France To describe and evaluate the Alien and Sedition Acts and responses to them To explain how Adams made peace with France Washington Retires/ Growth of Political Parties What advice did Washington give the nation on foreign affairs? Over what issue did political parties develop? Who were the leaders and the major groups that supported each party? John Adams Takes Office/Problems with France Why was the election of 1796 different from the previous election? How did Thomas Jefferson, Adams’s rival for president, become his vicepresident? What caused the XYZ Affair? How did it affect US relations with France? The Alien and Sedition Acts Why did Congress pass the Alien and Sedition Acts? How were immigrants and members of the press affected by these acts? How did the Democratic-Republicans use the theory of states’ rights to fight the Alien and Sedition Acts? How did Kentucky and Virginia support the Democratic-Republicans position? Peace With France How did Adams settle the conflict between the United States and France?