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Chapter 9-1
Washington’s Presidency
Section Objectives
 To explain how the nation’s court system was established
 To describe the first cabinet
 To analyze Hamilton’s financial plan
 To identify interpretations of the Constitution and explain how they influenced
attitudes toward the national bank
Washington Takes Office/Setting Up the Courts

What does the phrase “Washington would set a precedent” mean?

What decisions about the nation’s court system did the Constitution leave to
Congress to decide?

What was the purpose of the Federal Judiciary Act of 1789?
Washington’s Cabinet/Economic Problems

How did the cabinet help the president govern the nation?

What financial problems did the nation face? How did Hamilton propose to solve
them?

What beliefs influenced Hamilton’s financial plans for the nation?
Hamilton’s Financial Plan

What were the three steps in Hamilton’s financial plan?

Why did many Southern states object to helping the country pay off its war debts?

Why did Hamilton favor imposing high tariffs on foreign goods and creating a
national bank?
Interpreting the Constitution

What are the two major ways of interpreting the Constitution and how do they
differ?

Why did Madison and Jefferson oppose the creation of the national bank?

How was the argument over the bank settled?
Chapter 9-2
Challenges to the New Government
Fallen Timbers Monument
Section Objectives
 To explain why Washington wanted to secure the Trans-Appalachian west
 To analyze the causes and outcome of the Battle of Fallen Timbers
 To identify the reasons for the Whiskey Rebellion
 To explain how Washington maintained US neutrality
Securing the Northwest Territory

Why was there conflict over the West?

How did the Battle of Fallen Timbers affect Native American claims to land?

Why was Washington’s treatment of the Whiskey Rebellion important?
Battle of Fallen Timers

Why did Washington decide to send troops to the Ohio Valley to fight the force
led by Little Turtle?

What were the results of the Battle of Fallen Timbers for the Native Americans?
For the United States?

Why did the British refuse to help the Native Americans?
The Whiskey Rebellion

Why were the farmers angry about the whiskey tax?

Why did Washington decide to crush the rebellion and enforce the tax?
The French Revolution/Remaining Neutral

Why did the war between France and Britain put the United States in a difficult
position?

How did Jefferson, Hamilton, and Washington think the United States should
react to the War?

What problems did Jay’s Treaty and Pickney’s Treaty solve for the United States?
Chapter 9-3
The Federalists in Charge
Section Objectives
John Adams
 To explain how political parties developed
 To identify the problems President John Adams faced with France
 To describe and evaluate the Alien and Sedition Acts and responses to them
 To explain how Adams made peace with France
Washington Retires/ Growth of Political Parties

What advice did Washington give the nation on foreign affairs?

Over what issue did political parties develop?

Who were the leaders and the major groups that supported each party?
John Adams Takes Office/Problems with France

Why was the election of 1796 different from the previous election?

How did Thomas Jefferson, Adams’s rival for president, become his vicepresident?

What caused the XYZ Affair? How did it affect US relations with France?
The Alien and Sedition Acts

Why did Congress pass the Alien and Sedition Acts?

How were immigrants and members of the press affected by these acts?

How did the Democratic-Republicans use the theory of states’ rights to fight the
Alien and Sedition Acts?

How did Kentucky and Virginia support the Democratic-Republicans position?
Peace With France

How did Adams settle the conflict between the United States and France?