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Transcript
Unit 4: Growth of the Young Nation
Topic 1: Washington & Adams as Presidents
Name: __________________________
Date:__________________
George Washington’s Presidency (1789-1797)
Events at Home (Domestic Affairs)
 Washington’s Cabinet: Creation of Three executive departments (Name & leader)
__________
 Judiciary Act of 1789
created the
____________
and other Federal Courts
__________
__________
 Alexander Hamilton’s Financial Plan
o Created _________________________________ to promote
industry
o established _____________________________ to provide the
nation with stable currency
o created an excise tax on ____________________________ to
raise revenue
 The Whiskey Rebellion (1794): Farmers in western Pennsylvania refused to pay the
federal excise tax on whiskey and attacked tax collectors. Washington made 15,000 militia
men into federal troops and put down the rebellion.
So What?: (What was the
Significance of the Whiskey
Rebellion?):
Events in the World (Foreign Affairs)
 Washington’s Neutrality Act of 1793 said that the United States:
___________________________________________________________
BUT…Jay’s Treaty – Settled differences with Britain – very Pro-British!
Washington’s Farewell Address (1797)
George Washington’s final advice to the United States was
that the US should:
1.
3.
2.
4.
Why?
But there were already two political parties: Federalists and Democratic-Republicans
The First Political Parties
Federalists
Democratic-Republicans
Bankers and business interests in the
North.
Farmers, artisans, frontier settlers in the
South
Leaders
View of
National
Government
View of the
Economy
Supporters
John Adams’s Presidency (1797 --1801)
 Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)
The President could imprison or deport _________ (citizens of other countries). People who wrote
anything of “a scandalous and malicious nature” against the government could be put in ________.
These Acts were used to silence: _________________________________________.
 The ____________________________________
Virginia and Kentucky declared the Alien and Sedition Acts “_______” because they violated the
Bill of Rights. Which Amendment did they violate? _____________
Election of 1800
Adams & the Federalists vs. Jefferson & the Democratic-Republicans — _______________ won.
**The election of 1800 was the first American presidential election in which
power was peacefully transferred from one party to another**