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Name__________________________________ Date________________________Class_____________ Directions: Read chapter 9 of textbook. (Pages 278-294) Answer the following questions using textbook, library books, or internet. 1. An __________________________ is a ceremony in which the President of the U.S. officially takes office. 2. Define the word precedent. Use the word correctly in a sentence. 3. George Washington was our first President, and John Adams was our first Vice President. When Washington took office the U.S. was facing many challenges. List 4 of the challenges. * national debt - the amount of money the country owed____________________________ *_________________________________________________________________________ *_________________________________________________________________________ *_________________________________________________________________________ 4. Support a reason why Congress established a cabinet._______________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 5. Washington set a _______________________ by choosing well-known leaders to serve in his cabinet. At the end of his 2nd term, he also decided not to run for a 3rd term. 6. ____________________________was our first Secretary of State. 7. ____________________________ was our first Secretary of Treasury. He developed a plan to reduce the national debt and build the economy. 8. Explain Hamilton’s compromise regarding the new capital. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 9. To help American manufacturers, Hamilton asked Congress to pass a ___________________, which are taxes place on certain manufactured goods brought into the country. 10. Justify Hamilton’s logic for passing a tariff? _______________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 11. The Whiskey Rebellion was a protest by farmers who refused to pay taxes on whiskey. George Washington sent an army to put down the revolt. Explain the significance of the rebellion. ______________________________________________________________________________ 12. _________________________ - 1789 rebellion in France that ended monarchy for a while. 13. Analyze the reasons for the French Revolution. Why did Thomas Jefferson support France? ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 14. The French Revolution lost support in the U.S. because ____________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 15. ___________________________ - actions that a nation takes in relation to other nations 16. Washington wanted to remain _____________________ in foreign affairs. (not take sides) 17. Describe two actions that Washington took to avoid war. *____________________________________________________________________________ *____________________________________________________________________________ 18. List 3 reasons why remaining neutral was difficult. 1. ______________________________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________________________________ 19. In Washington’s _______________________________, he warned that political parties would divide the nation and that America should stay out of foreign affairs. 20. Americans had reason to distrust political parties. Sometimes ________________ would develop which are opposing groups within parties. People were also fearful of political parties because national unity would be threatened. 21. Complete the labels on the T-Chart below. (page 289) _____________________ ___________________ Led by A. Hamilton Strong national govt. Favored National Bank Wanted trade with Britain Wanted tariffs Manufacturing, shipping, trade Led by T. Jefferson Strong state govt. Disliked National Bank (unconstitutional) Wanted trade with France Opposed tariffs agriculture 22. Explain why we have political parties __________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 23. _____________________________ grew in the 1700’s and took sides in political parties and published views. 24. The election of 1796 had an unexpected outcome. Summarize the events of the election. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 25. ________________________ was the 2nd President of the United States. He was a Federalist that backed the policies of Washington. 26. On separate paper, create a multi flow chart depicting the causes and effects of French conflicts with America. (4 causes and 4 effects) 27. What naval technology helped convince France to stop attacking American ships?_____ __________________________________________________________________________ 28. The _______________________ party split over the problems with France. 29. The Federalists passed new acts through Congress which made the Democratic-Republicans angry. Why? ________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 30. The new laws regarding immigration made immigrants wait 14 years before becoming citizens. The Federalists liked the laws because it would keep new immigrants from voting on the side of the ____________________________. 31. The election of 1800 was a unique election. Explain why Congress had to settle the election. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 32. As a result of the election of 1800, the _____________________ amendment was created, and _______________________ became the 3rd President of the U.S. 33. What do you think John Adam’s believed to be his greatest accomplishment as President of the United States? (infer) ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 34. _________________________ killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel which helped to weaken the Federalist Party.