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Transcript
Unit 4: Growth of the Young Nation
Topic 1: Washington & Adams as President
Name: __________________________
Date:__________________
George Washington’s Presidency (1789-1797)
Events at Home (Domestic Affairs)
 Washington’s Cabinet: Creation of Three executive departments:
•
•
•
State:
Treasury:
War:
 Judiciary Act of 1789 created _____________________________________ & other Federal Courts
 Alexander Hamilton’s Financial Plan
•
•
•
created _________________________________ to promote industry
established _____________________________ to provide the nation with stable currency
created an excise tax on ____________________________ to raise revenue
 Whiskey Rebellion (1794)
Farmers in western Pennsylvania refused to pay the federal excise tax on whiskey and
attacked tax collectors. Washington made 15,000 militia men into federal troops and put down
the rebellion.
So What: (Significance of
the Whiskey Rebellion):
Foreign Affairs
 Washington’s Neutrality Act of 1793 said that the United States:
BUT…Jay’s Treaty – Settled differences with Britain – very Pro-British!
Washington’s Farewell Address (1797)
George Washington’s final advice to the United States was that the US should
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
But there were already two political parties: Federalists and Democratic-Republicans
Federalists
First Political Parties
Democratic-Republicans
Leaders
View of
National
Government
View of the
Economy
Supporters
Bankers and business interests in the
North.
Farmers, artisans, frontier settlers in the
South
Election of 1796, John Adams defeated Thomas Jefferson for the presidency, and Jefferson
became the vice-pres. What’s wrong with that?
John Adams’s Presidency (1797 --1801)
Domestic Affairs
 Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)
The President could imprison or deport aliens (citizens of other countries). People who wrote
anything of “a scandalous and malicious nature” against the government could be imprisoned.
These Acts were used to silence:
 The Virginia and Kentucky Resolution
Virginia and Kentucky declare the Alien and Sedition Acts “null” because they violated the Bill of
Rights. Which Amendment did they violate?
Election of 1800
Adams & the Federalists vs. Jefferson & the Democratic-Republicans — __________________ won.
The election of 1800, won by ____________________, was the first American presidential election in which
power was peacefully transferred from one party to another. **
Unit 4, Topic 1: Vocabulary
Cabinet
Judiciary Act of 1789:
Excise Tax:
Precedent:
Neutral:
(Neutrality)
Federalists:
Democratic-Republicans
(also called Jeffersonian
Republicans):
Alien:
Sedition:
Resolution:
(resolve)
Null:
Nullification:
Doctrine: