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USH (2:1)
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The Bill of Rights
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The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Protect the rights of the individual against the
Government
(2:1)
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First Crisis of the New Union
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Creation of a National Bank
–
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To pay off all debts of all States
The Problem: Not specifically mentioned in the
Constitution (Not an “Enumerated Power”)
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The Answer: Creating a national bank is an “Implied
Power” (not specifically mentioned, but needed)
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District of Columbia
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Both Virginia and Maryland wanted to be home to the
capitol
Created out of land from Virginia and Maryland
Compromise by Alexander Hamilton to get Bank of
the U.S. (1791)
(2:1)
“The Whiskey Rebellion” (1794)
–
Congress needed more money, so they put a high tax on
whiskey
–
Western farmers revolted
–
Pres. Washington sent in 13,000 troops
(2:1)
The First Political Parties
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The Federalists
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Wanted a strong national government
–
Who were they?
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Manufactures, bankers, merchants
The Democrat-Republicans
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Strict limits on Federal Government (Washington, DC)
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Protection of States' Rights
–
Who were they?
●
Farmers in rural south and west
(2:1)
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Washington's “Farewell Address”
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Warned of the dangers of political parties
Stay away from permanent alliances with any part
of the world
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Make sure military doesn't become too large
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We must be a moral people
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The Second President
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John Adams (Federalist) (1797-1801)
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Avoided war with France (positive)
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“Alien and Sedition Acts” (negative)
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Made it a crime to say anything false, scandalous, or
malicious against the Federal Government or any
Government official
(2:1)
The Election of 1800
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John Adams v Thomas Jefferson (DemocratRepublican)
–
Jefferson wins a very close and bitter election
–
Election decided in the House of Representatives
–
A first in world history: The peaceful transfer of power
(2:1)
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The 3rd President: Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809)
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“Judicial Review” : the power of the Supreme
Court to decide if a law is unconstitutional
–
Sup. Court Chief Justice John Marshall
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Made the Court a massive, independent power in government
(2:1)
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The Louisiana Purchase (1803)
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Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory from
France
–
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Napoleon needed money for military
Doubled the size of the United States
(2:1)
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The 4th President: James Madison (1809-1817)
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The War of 1812 (U.S. V England)
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“Impressment”: kidnapping soldiers
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“Star Spangled Banner”
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War ended in a tie