Download File - Mr. Carter`s United States History Class

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Transcript
SSUSH5 The student will explain
specific events and key ideas that
brought about the adoption and
implementation of the United States
Constitution.
e. Explain the importance of the Presidencies of George
Washington and John Adams; include the Whiskey
Rebellion, non-intervention in Europe, and the
development of political parties (Alexander Hamilton).
Bell Ringer
 How many states were needed in order to ratify the
Constitution?
 Name two Federalists.
 What did Anti-Federalists insist on before signing the
Constitution?
 Federalists believed in a strong central government. One in
which the ________ government has more power than the
________ government.
 Name one Anti-Federalist.
 Why did the Articles of Confederation fail?
George Washington
 In April 1789, Washington
was chosen to be the first
President of the new
government
 Two of key members of
Washington’s cabinet were
Thomas Jefferson,
Alexander Hamilton
The Whiskey Rebellion
 In 1791, Congress imposed a direct tax on the
manufacture of whiskey
 Western farmers, the main manufactures of
whiskey, rebelled against the tax in 1794
 Washington orders 15,000 troops to put down
the rebellion
 The rebels disperse without fighting, ending
the rebellion.
 This was the first challenge to the new
government and it proved that Washington
would enforce the laws.
 What message did the new government send by ordering troops to
put down the rebellion?
Formation of political parties
 During Washington’s 1st term in
office Congress began to split
into factions caused by
Secretary of the Treasury
Hamilton’s financial programs
 Supporters of Hamilton’s
programs were called
Federalist, while opponents
were called DemocraticRepublicans, or Republicans
(not to be confused with today’s
Republican Party)
Washington’s Foreign Policy
 During the French Revolution,
France declared war on
England: the United States was
divided over who to support
 In 1793, Washington declared
that the US would be “friendly
and impartial” towards both
countries
The British however, began
seizing American ships headed
to French ports
Washington’s Foreign Policy
 Jay’s Treaty: John Jay was sent to
Britain to negotiate a settlement in
order to avoid war
 The treaty helped prevent war
between the US and Britain, but did
little to ease tension between the
two countries
 Pinckney’s Treaty: The US
negotiated with Spain to allow it free
access to the Mississippi River and
the Port of New Orleans
George Washington
 Washington leaves
office after his 2nd termhe warns against
political parties and
foreign alliances
 Federalist John Adams
is elected the 2nd
President of the U.S. in
1796
John Adams
John Adams
 Upset with Jay’s Treaty, the French began
seizing U.S. ships causing an undeclared naval
war between France and the U.S.
 Negotiations between the two countries ended
the hostilities in 1800
John Adams
 The Alien and Sedition Acts:



Passed in 1798, the Acts
were aimed at weakening
the Republican Party
The Acts would put voting
restriction on immigrants
who tended to vote
Republican
The Acts also made it
against the law to criticize
the government, making it
difficult for the
Republicans to speak out
against the Federalist
John Adams
 The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions:

Written in secret by Jefferson and Madison, the
Resolutions argued the states had the right to
protect the people from unjust federal laws
John Adams
 John Adams lost the election of 1800 to
Thomas Jefferson in large part because
many people were angered over the Alien
and Sedition Acts
 Though the Federalist controlled the army,
the presidency, and Congress, they allowed
power to peacefully transfer to the
Republicans
Am. Rev. & Constitution
Concept Maps
 Everyone move into groups! Now!
 No less than 2 people per group
 No more than 4 people per group
 Send one person to get markers
 Send another person to get poster paper
 You will be making alternate Concept Maps
 I will assign you either the American Revolution
 Or the Constitution
 Each member of the group will be responsible for one
Sub-Topic within the category which I choose for you