Download Midterm Exam No. 02 (Fall 2014) PHYS 520A: Electromagnetic Theory I

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Transcript
```Midterm Exam No. 02 (Fall 2014)
PHYS 520A: Electromagnetic Theory I
Date: 2014 Oct 28
1. (25 points.) Evaluate
∇·
r
r3
,
(1)
everywhere in space, including r = 0.
2. (25 points.) The response of a material to an electric field, in a particular model, is
described by the susceptibility function
ωp2
χ(ω) = 2
,
ω0 − iωγ
(2)
where ωp , ω0 , and γ are material dependent parameters, and ω is the frequency of oscillation of the electric field.
(a) [Reχ(ω)] is a measure of the square of the refractive index. Plot [Reχ(ω)] as a
function of ω.
(b) [Imχ(ω)] is a measure of absorption of light. Plot [Imχ(ω)] as a function of ω.
3. (25 points.) A permanently polarized sphere of radius R is described by the polarization
vector
P(r) = αr 2 r̂ θ(R − r).
(3)
Find the effective charge density by calculating −∇ · P. In particular, you should obtain
two terms, one containing θ(R − r) that is interpreted as a volume charge density, and
another containing δ(R − r) that can be interpreted as a surface charge density.
4. (25 points.) A particle of mass m and charge q moving in a uniform magnetic field B
experiences a velocity dependent force F given by the expression
m
dv
= qv × B,
dt
(4)
where v(t) = dx/dt is the velocity of the particle in terms of its position x(t). Choose
the magnetic field to be along the positive z direction, B = Bẑ.
(a) Using initial conditions v(0) = 0 x̂ + v0 ŷ + 0 ẑ and x(0) = 0 x̂ + 0 ŷ + 0 ẑ, solve
the differential equation in Eq. (4) to find the position x(t) and velocity v(t) as a
function of time.
1
(b) In particular, prove that the particle takes a circular path. Determine the radius of
this circular path and the position of the center of the circular path.
(c) What is the precession frequency ωp of the particle (and thus that of the velocity
vector v) about the magnetic field B? Is the precession frequency determined by
the initial conditions to the differential equation?
2
```
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