UNFCCC Workshop on the preparation of national communications from non-Annex I Parties Preparation of National Communications: An introduction 26-30 April 2004 Manila, Philippines Martha Perdomo Manager, Non-Annex I Implementation Subprogramme UNFCCC secretariat [email protected] Table of contents 1 National communications: the process 2 Status of submissions 3 New guidelines 4 New funds 5 Conclusions The UNFCCC – Reporting requirement under the Convention Article 12.1 In accordance with Article 4.1, each Party shall communicate to the COP, through the secretariat, the following elements of information: • A national inventory of anthropogenic emission by sources and removals by sinks of all GHGs not controlled by the Montreal Protocol; • A general description of steps taken or envisaged by the Party to implement the Convention; and • Any other information that the Party considers relevant to the achievement of the objective of the Convention, including, if feasible, material relevant for calculations of global emission trends. The UNFCCC – Reporting requirement under the Convention Submission (Article 12.4) • … each non-Annex I Party shall make its initial communication within three years of the entry into force of the Convention for that Party, or of the availability of financial resources. • Parties that are least developed countries may make their initial communication at their discretion. • The frequency of subsequent communications by all Parties shall be determined by the Conference of the Parties. The UNFCCC – Reporting requirement under the Convention NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS • They provide a medium where climate change issues and concerns are highlighted and disseminated; • They should include a presentation and interpretation of the major findings and conclusions that inform policies relating to environmental management and sustainable development; • It is a process that involve a continuous technical and analytical assessment of activities; • It serves as a strategic tool for dealing with climate change. Relevant COP decisions National Communications GEF Others 11/CP.1 10/CP.2 11/CP.2 12/CP.4 2/CP.4 8/CP.5 31/CP.7 32/CP.7 The UNFCCC – Reporting requirement under the Convention The UNFCCC – contents of initial national communications • Executive summary 1. National Circumstances; 2. GHG Inventory; 3. General Description of Steps; 4. Other Information; 5. Financial and Technical Needs and Constraints • Annexes National Institutional Arrangements National Committee on Climate Change Task Force Policy Guidance Technical Review Team Task Force/Team Education and Public Awareness Task force/Team Task Force/Team Vulnerability and Vulnerability and Adapatation Adaptation Task Force/Team Inventories Task Force/Team Mitigation Compilation and synthesis reports Compilation and synthesis (C&S) Decision Document symbol 1 12/CP.4 FCCC/SBI/1999/11 11 2 7/CP.5 FCCC/SBI/2000/15 16 3 3/CP.6 FCCC/SBI/2001/14 and Add.1 25 4 30/CP.7 FCCC/SBI/2002/8 FCCC/SBI/2002/16 31 5 2/CP.8 FCCC/SBI/2003/13 16 Total number of National Communications Number of NCs 99 Consultative Group of Experts on National Communications from Non-Annex I Parties (CGE) Objective: Improving the process of preparation of national communications TOR: (2000-2001) (2002) (2003-2007) Mandate: • Identify and assess difficulties encountered in the use of the guidelines and methodologies, make recommendations; • Examine national communications submitted for improving data collection, use of emission factors and activity data and development of methodologies, including for V&A; • Review existing bilateral and multilateral programmes; • Give technical assistance through “hands on training” workshops Conclusions of CGE and C&S • Methodological problems • Institutional • Financial • Need of new guidelines Submitted initial national communications by year No. of initial national communications submitted 30 27 27 25 20 20 15 15 10 12 6 4 5 1 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 Year 2002 2003 2004 No. of initial national communication Initial national communications submitted by region 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 40 36 30 77% 68% 91% 6 60% Africa Total: 112 Asia LAC Region Other Guidelines adopted at COP8 (Decision 17/CP.8) Guidelines contained in the annex to decision 17/CP.8, together with the guidance to an operating entity of the financial mechanism provided in decision 6/CP.8, should be used for the preparation of second and, where appropriate, third and initial national communications Summary of guidelines Old guidelines (decision 10/CP.2) New guidelines (decision 17/CP.8) • Objectives • National circumstances • National circumstances • Inventory of emissions/removals • National GHG inventory • General description of steps • General description of steps – programmes containing measures to facilitate adequate adaptation – programmes containing measures to mitigate climate change • Other information • Other information – transfer of technologies (4/CP.7) – research and systematic observation (5/CP.5) – education, training and public awareness (Article 6) – capacity-building (2/CP.7) – information and networking • Financial and technological needs and constraints •Constraints and gaps New Funds – Marrakesh Accord Funding under the Convention (decision 7/CP.7 ) Need for ”new and additional” , predictable and adequate funding Special Climate Change Fund (Decisions 7/CP.8, 5/CP.9) -Adaptation (implementation, monitoring, CB and regional centres) - Transfer of technologies (implementation of technology needs ass.) - Energy, transport, industry, agriculture, forestry and waste management - Economic diversification LDC fund (Decisions 27/CP.7, 8/CP.8) - Preparation of National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA) - Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) New Funds - Marrakesh Accord Funding under the Kyoto Protocol (decision 10/CP.7) Adaptation Fund - Established to finance concrete projects and programmes - Shall be financed from the share of proceeds on the CDM project activities - Parties ratifying the Protocol are invited to provide additional funding - Shall be operated and managed by the entity entrusted with the operation of the financial mechanism of the Convention Conclusions - The national communications will continue to be a strategic instrument of great importance - The new guidelines, the Manual and the available funds will facilitate its preparation - The revised and updated methodologies, the CGE and other available technical assistance will assist countries in presenting more accurate information - Given the importance developing countries are giving to V&A, it is probable that the second national communications will form the basis of actions taken to address the effects of climate change.