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Transcript
UNFCCC Workshop on the preparation of
national communications from non-Annex I Parties
Preparation of National Communications:
An introduction
26-30 April 2004
Manila, Philippines
Martha Perdomo
Manager, Non-Annex I
Implementation Subprogramme
UNFCCC secretariat
[email protected]
Table of contents
1
National communications: the process
2
Status of submissions
3
New guidelines
4
New funds
5
Conclusions
The UNFCCC – Reporting requirement under the Convention
Article 12.1
In accordance with Article 4.1, each Party shall
communicate to the COP, through the secretariat, the
following elements of information:
• A national inventory of anthropogenic emission
by sources and removals by sinks of all GHGs not
controlled by the Montreal Protocol;
• A general description of steps taken or envisaged
by the Party to implement the Convention; and
• Any other information that the Party considers
relevant to the achievement of the objective of
the Convention, including, if feasible, material
relevant for calculations of global emission
trends.
The UNFCCC – Reporting requirement under the Convention
Submission (Article 12.4)
• … each non-Annex I Party shall make its initial
communication within three years of the entry into
force of the Convention for that Party, or of the
availability of financial resources.
• Parties that are least developed countries may
make their initial communication at their
discretion.
• The frequency of subsequent communications by
all Parties shall be determined by the Conference
of the Parties.
The UNFCCC – Reporting requirement under the Convention
NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS
•
They provide a medium where climate change
issues and concerns are highlighted and
disseminated;
•
They should include a presentation and
interpretation of the major findings and
conclusions that inform policies relating to
environmental management and sustainable
development;
•
It is a process that involve a continuous technical
and analytical assessment of activities;
•
It serves as a strategic tool for dealing with
climate change.
Relevant COP decisions
National Communications
GEF
Others
11/CP.1
10/CP.2
11/CP.2
12/CP.4
2/CP.4
8/CP.5
31/CP.7
32/CP.7
The UNFCCC – Reporting requirement under the Convention
The UNFCCC – contents of initial national communications
•
Executive summary
1. National Circumstances;
2. GHG Inventory;
3. General Description of
Steps;
4. Other Information;
5. Financial and Technical
Needs and Constraints
•
Annexes
National Institutional Arrangements
National Committee on Climate Change
Task Force
Policy Guidance
Technical Review Team
Task Force/Team
Education and
Public Awareness
Task force/Team
Task
Force/Team
Vulnerability
and
Vulnerability
and
Adapatation
Adaptation
Task Force/Team
Inventories
Task Force/Team
Mitigation
Compilation and synthesis reports
Compilation and
synthesis (C&S)
Decision
Document
symbol
1
12/CP.4
FCCC/SBI/1999/11
11
2
7/CP.5
FCCC/SBI/2000/15
16
3
3/CP.6
FCCC/SBI/2001/14
and Add.1
25
4
30/CP.7
FCCC/SBI/2002/8
FCCC/SBI/2002/16
31
5
2/CP.8
FCCC/SBI/2003/13
16
Total number of National Communications
Number
of NCs
99
Consultative Group of Experts on National
Communications from Non-Annex I Parties (CGE)
Objective: Improving the process of preparation of national
communications
TOR: (2000-2001) (2002) (2003-2007)
Mandate:
•
Identify and assess difficulties encountered in the use of the
guidelines and methodologies, make recommendations;
•
Examine national communications submitted for improving
data collection, use of emission factors and activity data and
development of methodologies, including for V&A;
•
Review existing bilateral and multilateral programmes;
•
Give technical assistance through “hands on training”
workshops
Conclusions of CGE and C&S
• Methodological problems
• Institutional
• Financial
• Need of new guidelines
Submitted initial national communications by year
No. of initial national
communications submitted
30
27
27
25
20
20
15
15
10
12
6
4
5
1
0
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
Year
2002
2003
2004
No. of initial national
communication
Initial national communications submitted by region
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
40
36
30
77%
68%
91%
6
60%
Africa
Total: 112
Asia
LAC
Region
Other
Guidelines adopted at COP8
(Decision 17/CP.8)
Guidelines contained in the
annex to decision 17/CP.8,
together with the guidance to
an operating entity of the
financial mechanism provided
in decision 6/CP.8, should be
used for the preparation of
second and, where
appropriate, third and initial
national communications
Summary of guidelines
Old guidelines (decision 10/CP.2)
New guidelines (decision 17/CP.8)
• Objectives
• National circumstances
• National circumstances
• Inventory of emissions/removals
• National GHG inventory
• General description of steps
• General description of steps
– programmes containing measures to
facilitate adequate adaptation
– programmes containing measures to
mitigate climate change
• Other information
• Other information
– transfer of technologies (4/CP.7)
– research and systematic observation
(5/CP.5)
– education, training and public awareness
(Article 6)
– capacity-building (2/CP.7)
– information and networking
• Financial and technological
needs and constraints
•Constraints and gaps
New Funds – Marrakesh Accord
Funding under the Convention (decision 7/CP.7 )
Need for ”new and additional” , predictable and adequate
funding
Special Climate Change Fund (Decisions 7/CP.8,
5/CP.9)
-Adaptation (implementation, monitoring, CB and
regional centres)
- Transfer of technologies (implementation of
technology needs ass.)
- Energy, transport, industry, agriculture, forestry and
waste management
- Economic diversification
LDC fund (Decisions 27/CP.7, 8/CP.8)
- Preparation of National Adaptation Programmes of
Action (NAPA)
- Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG)
New Funds - Marrakesh Accord
Funding under the Kyoto Protocol (decision 10/CP.7)
Adaptation Fund
- Established to finance concrete projects and
programmes
- Shall be financed from the share of proceeds on the
CDM project activities
- Parties ratifying the Protocol are invited to provide
additional funding
- Shall be operated and managed by the entity
entrusted with the operation of the financial
mechanism of the Convention
Conclusions
- The national communications will continue to be a
strategic instrument of great importance
- The new guidelines, the Manual and the available
funds will facilitate its preparation
- The revised and updated methodologies, the CGE and
other available technical assistance will assist countries
in presenting more accurate information
- Given the importance developing countries are giving
to V&A, it is probable that the second national
communications will form the basis of actions taken to
address the effects of climate change.