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Transcript
AKP PILOT ACTIVITY IN NEPAL
Building the Resilience of Mountain People
and Local Governments
2012
Undertaken by
Resources Himalaya Foundation
Supported by
Adaptation Knowledge Platform
Broad Objective
to strengthen the resilience capacity of local people to
climate change and to bring the climate change issues in
mainstream of planning mechanism.
Specific Objectives
• To organize climate awareness programs and develop information
material to help build resilience of the most vulnerable
communities to climatic variability;
• To develop policy guideline for the local government with the
knowledge on 1) what they can help to climate vulnerable groups;
2) how they can address climate related issues in their local
planning mechanisms; and 3) what specific methods are
appropriate for the integration in their plan and programs; and
• To share the outcomes of the activities with the central level
government authorities (NPC and CCC), and strengthen
mainstreaming process of capacity building for the vulnerable
communities.
Project Area: Ramechhap
• Second most vulnerable district in
Nepal by NAPA index of CombinedMultiple Risk-Exposure.
• Much known district as a drought
prone area of Nepal, where its 18
VDCs (village development
committees) in the southern belt
face severe drought and climate
related disaster every year.
• Reported low agricultural
productivity mainly because of low
and/or erratic rainfall for over a
decade and
• People facing varied problems linked
to climatic variability such as food
scarcity, lack of drinking water,
health.
Activities & Process
Climate Awareness Programs & Information
Material
• Survey: Focal Group Discussions, and Key
Informant Interviews
• Climate Awareness Programs
• Information Material Development
Policy Guideline for the Local Government
• study and survey on current institutional
arrangements and planning mechanisms
for climate change within a local
government
• Workshop at Local Level and National
Level
Share the Outcomes with the Central Level
Authorities
• Central level workshop
Expected Outcomes
1. Information material will be prepared in local languages
and distributed to target groups. The material
demonstrates knowledge that helps to build resilience of
most vulnerable people whose livelihoods have been or
will be affected by climate-related problems
2. A technical policy brief that demonstrates i) information
on what local governments can do for helping build the
resilience of the mountain people to the climate problems
in the two relevant sectors, and ii) context-specific
planning tools/methods on how they can integrate those
actions identified in the above into local planning
mechanisms
3. A synthesis report that summarizes the feedbacks from
the Planning Commission and the Climate Change Council
provided at the knowledge dissemination workshop at
central level.
Pakarbas VDC
Issues
• Erratic Climatic Pattern. Monsoon
failure since 2004. Increased
temperature
• Huge Scarcity of Drinking water
• Drying of spring/waterholes (out of
20 waterholes just 5/6 remain now
with very limited water)
• Paddy Cultivation almost abandoned
• Depletion in Grass/Fodder
• Heavy infestation of Invasive species
• Low Agriculture Production
• Change in livestock holding and
rearing
Adaptation Practices
• Padlocking waterholes
for regulated use of
water
• Rainwater Harvesting
wherever supports are
available through NGOs
• Paddy cultivation
replaced by maize
• Initiation of cash crops
like coffee/Avocado (by
a few individuals to a
very limited extent)
• Forest Conservation
Majhuwa VDC
Issues
Adaptation Practices
• Erratic Climatic Pattern
• Plantation around
water sources
• Depleting drinking water source leading
to water rationing (2 hrs/day supply
• Cultivation of
against round the clock supply in the
Rajma/Bean
past)
instead of
traditional legumes
• Reduction in Agriculture Production
like Masyang/Gahat
(Especially paddy)
• Forest Conservation
• No more production of Masyang/Gahat
• Less buffalo or cow/HH; high no of goats
Deurali VDC
Issues
Adaptation Practices
• Drying of water sources/less
• Changing of Intake
drinking water supply compared to
for water supply
the past
• Forest Conservation
• Reduction in Agriculture Production
• Decrease in livestock number
• Less availability of Grass/Fodder
• Erratic Climatic Pattern
• Appearance of Mosquitoes
Himganga VDC
Issues
Adaptation Practices
• Erratic climate pattern
• Drastically shrinking of water
sources (24 hr Water Supply to 1 hr
daily) supply)
• High pest infestation in crops
• Reduction in Agriculture
production/Cultivation
• Masyasng/Gahat production
virtually nil due to pest Infestation
• No vegetation cultivation now
• Reduce in Large livestock rearing
• Dying of trees in forest
• Water Storage in plastic
tank
• Hybrid goats instead of
the traditional variety
• Optional profession such
as mason/corner shop
• Use of Chemical
fertilizer and pesticides
as a desperate attempt
to grow more
• Forest Conservation
• Citrus (Junar) as a cash
Crops growing
Key Findings
ISSUE
REMARKS
No program budget kept aside for
Climate Change Issues in FY 206970 Planning of VDC/DDC
Government budget planning
guideline contains no
instruction for cc issue
Unaware about Climate Change
Policy at community level, and to
some extent district level
No orientation
Unaware about vulnerable
assessment; no knowledge that
Ramechhap belongs to the most
vulnerable district
No orientation
Key issue: Water scarcity
Historical problem, aggravated
by climate change (?)