State-of-the-Art Analysis of climate change and energy strategies in selected SEE countries DI Dr. Hannes SCHWAIGER JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH Graz, May 24th 2013 Content Work package 3.2 Overview of national existing GHG emissions, future trends and planed measures in SEE countries Overview of existing SEE country low carbon strategies Austria Albania Serbia FYROM (Macedonia) Montenergo Austria National strategies • Annual GHG emissions Around 85 Mio.t (2012) most in the energy, industry sector • The Austrian Climate Mitigation Act Coordinative plan to reduce GHG emissions via sectoral allocation, measures are allocated to the states, still negotiations among ministries and between ministries and states • The Austrian Energy Strategy Measures targeted a more sustainable und independent energy system fulfilling also the EU 2020 targets (34% RES) • Renewable Electricity Law (Ökostromgesetz) Measures to enlarge the existing Austrian electricity generation via RES until 2020 • NREAP, NEEAP Regional strategies • Regional climate change policies: • • • • • • • • • Styria: “Styrian Climate Change Mitigation Plan” Vienna: “Climate Protection Programme (KLiP I+II)” Carinthia: Institute for Climate Protection - KIKS, energy concept Salzburg: Report on CC mitigation options, energy strategy Upper Austria: Report on CC mitigation options, “Energy Future 2030” programme Lower Austria: Climate Programme 2009-2012 Tyrol: CC Mitigation Strategy, Tyrolean Energy Strategy 2020 Burgenland: Development Strategy 2020 Vorarlberg: Action plan towards an energy autarchy by 2020 Albania National strategies • Annual GHG emissions 7.6 Mio t of GHG emissions (energy 44% agriculture 27%, LULUCF 21%, high growth rates in transport) • National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) adopted 2011, improve energy efficiency in all sectors • Draft National Action Plan on Renewable Resources (NREAP) draft available to be adopted by the Government Specific national strategies • The National Strategy for Development and Integration (NSDI) 2007-2013 Strategy to increase RES up to 38% in 2020, increase energy savings from 3 to 9% in 2018, reduce GHG emissions by 16% in 2020, reducing HCFCS from 120 to 29 tons in 2040 • National Energy Strategy adopted 2003, defines changes to increase energy security and optimize energy resources • The Environmental Cross-cutting Strategy 2007-2013 measures to improve energy efficiencies among sectors FYROM (Macedonia) National strategies • Annual GHG emissions Around 14 Mio.t (2000) most from energy, agriculture • Law on Environment (adopted 2007-2011) National sustainable development strategy, strategy for CDM and the adaptation of the health sector on CC and the National Environmental Investment Strategy, goal: GHG reduction of 30% • National Energy Strategies (not adopted) Strategy for Energy Development in the Republic of Macedonia by 2020, for utilization of renewable energy sources and for energy efficiency promotion by 2020 National Industry Policy Specific national strategies • 3rd National Communication to the UNFCCC • Projects: Roadmap for introduction of Monitoring Reporting and Verification of GHG emissions under EU-ETS in Republic of Macedonia Macedonian Green Growth and Climate Change Analytic and Advisory Support Program Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Montenegro National strategies • Annual GHG emissions: 4.5 Mio t incl. LULUCF (2003), energy and industry • Draft Energy Development Strategy of Montenegro by 2030 reduce electricity import dependency, complete the reconstruction and revitalisation of existing power plants, build two new thermal power plants, but also small HPPs and other renewables • National Strategy for Management of Air Quality also cover GHGs • National Strategy for Sustainable Development (2007), some general goals and directions for action in the field of climate change Serbia National strategies • Annual GHG reduction around 90 Mio.t (2010), most in industry and agriculture • Indicative GHG target under Copenhagen Accord «envisages possibility for emission limitation from 18% to 29% until 2020 compared by emissions in 1990 under the business as usual scenario». • First National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) by 2018: -9% reduction of the final domestic energy consumption, adopted in July 2010 • Serbian NREAP published this year National strategies • No comprehensive Climate strategy, but Some sector specific laws, such as on energy, waste and air, are contributing to climate change mitigation Policy on forestry includes certain adaptation measures. • Sustainable Development Strategy (adopted in 2008) and the National Environmental Protection Programme (2010) Treat the climate change problem as being very important. Overview Albania Macedonia National communication to the IPCC National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) 2nd to be adopted (adopted 2011) Strategy for utilization of RES (2010) First Action Plan for Energy Efficiency nd rd 2 ;3 Montenegro 2nd under development Serbia 2nd under development - (published 2013) - (adopted 2010) National Strategy on Climate Change National Energy Strategy (adopted 2008) NSDI National sustainable development strategy (2010); National Environmental investment strategy (2009) National Strategy for Management of Air Quality and sust. Development GHG target under Copenhagen Accord ; Climate Change Strategy and Action plan (planed) (adopted 2003) Strategy for Energy Development; Strategy for Energy Efficiency Promotion (2010) Regional strategies on CC no no Energy Development Strategy (draft) no Energy Development Strategy (draft) no Conclusions • Most of the West Balkan Countries have no GHG targets (Non-Annex 1 countries) • West Balkan Countries advanced regarding development of energy strategies partly driven by the Energy Community Treaty • Most of the West Balkan Countries (exp. Slo and Cro) have no comprehensive Climate Strategies yet including e.g. transport, waste, adaptation…) Thank you very much for your attention!