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Transcript
Simulation of climate change impact on weeds distribution. Studying the case of
wild oat in Greece.
D.S. Voloudakis, V.E. Kotoulas, I.S. Travlos, G.K. Economou and A.J. Karamanos.
Laboratory of Agronomy, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos, 11855
Athens, Greece.
INTRODUCTION
Climate change factors affecting agricultural production
•Rise of CO2 concentration
•Higher temperatures
•Altered precipitation and transpiration regimes
•Increasing intensity and frequency of extreme climatic events
•Changes in weed, pest and pathogen pressure
•Changes in water resources
•Loss of crop land
•Changes in crop productivity period
•Uncertainties in appropriate time and crop species
•Impacts on food resources, rise of food prices, higher intensity in hunger
problems
Climate change basic scenarios
SCENARIOS
Α1Β
Α2
Β2
TIME PERIOD
2041-2050
2091-2100
2041-2050
2091-2100
2041-2050
2091-2100
CO2
+40%
+89%
+40%
+125%
++26%
63%
Temperature
+1,95⁰C
+3,5⁰C
+2⁰C
+4,5⁰C
+1,98⁰C
+3,1⁰C
methodology
• Establishment of a field experiment in A.U.A. to evaluate the
effect of certain climatic parameters on oat growth.
• Phenological and physiological observations.
• Use of AquaCrop model to simulate the weed growth
procedure.
methodology
• Selection of four areas in Greece with high
agronomic interest.
methodology
• Parameters to be calibrated
• Biomass (Mg ha-1), Yield (Mg ha-1), Canopy
Cover (%).
Preliminary results
Wild oat
Biomass
Yield
Best fit of the
model
ME
0.49
0.67
1
RMSE
0.26
0.17
0
2050's
without with
CO2
CO2
2100's
without with
CO2
CO2
A1B
-7%
13%
1%
25%
A2
-5%
32%
-4%
51%
B2
1%
49%
-3%
80%
Thank you